What Are the Most Common Antacid Ingredients?

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  • Written By: Alex Tree
  • Edited By: Shereen Skola
  • Last Modified Date: 01 July 2019
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Some of the most common antacid ingredients are aluminum hydroxide, a calcium carbonate supplement, and sodium bicarbonate, or baking soda. They are usually not added to the same antacid medicine together, but they are very common around the world. The safety of each ingredient varies; an ingredient that works well for one person may not be suitable for another. Consistent heartburn, upset stomach or gas may indicate a serious health problem, so consulting with a health professional is generally a good idea.

Aluminum hydroxide is a naturally occurring mineral used as one of the most common antacid ingredients. It is usually consumed in tablet form, but the ingredients in mass-produced antacid pills are usually mad-made rather than natural. Some experts believe that aluminum aids in the progression of Alzheimer's disease; however, this does not necessarily mean that the ingredients cause the disease, just that this particular ingredient may help an already developed disease progress into more advanced stages.

Calcium carbonate is a dietary supplement commonly taken when a person is deficient in calcium. Consuming calcium carbonate can aid in the relief of heartburn, indigestion, and an upset stomach. It is frequently taken by mouth in tablet or liquid form. Sometimes it is available in combination products; this may include medicines that treat more than one ailment, such as indigestion and constipation or a calcium and vitamin D deficiency.


Sodium bicarbonate is the technical name for baking soda, which is used as an antacid, cleaning agent, and deodorizer. It is common for baking soda to be mixed with water and consumed to relieve gas or heartburn. A box or bag of baking soda may include directions for using as it as an antacid ingredient, since this purpose is well-known. Baking soda is essentially a salt and, as such, it increases the amount of salt in a person’s body when it is consumed. People who are on sodium-restrictive diets should usually find a different antacid ingredients to relieve their acid problems.

In general, these antacid ingredients are well-tested and considered safe for consumption in small amounts. Still, as with all medications, a person must remain wary of negative reactions. Hives and swelling are common allergic reactions. A health professional should be contacted if a person experiences a severe negative reaction or his or her ailment remains consistent despite efforts to avoid the problem.


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Post 2

The nice thing about the tablets with calcium carbonate is that taking them can also help you up your calcium intake a little. It's not a perfect solution, of course, but taking an antacid tablet with calcium carbonate may not only help some indigestion, but can also help a person get more calcium in the diet.

Sometimes it can be tough to get enough calcium if you're not much of a milk drinker, so anything that contributes to calcium levels, especially in women, is always good.

Post 1

My heartburn remedy of choice is sodium bicarbonate, or good, old-fashioned baking soda. If I don't have anything else to take in the house, I'll just stir in a teaspoon or so of baking soda into a glass of water and drink it. It usually works quickly, too, so that's definitely an advantage.

Baking soda has so many uses around the home, besides cooking: an antacid, a non-scratching cleaner, odor absorber in the fridge and freezer, cleans hairbrushes and combs -- you name it!

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