What are the Different Types of Oral Surgery?

Nicole Long

There are many different types of oral surgery dealing with the various components of the oral cavity and jaw structure. When a patient needs oral surgery, he will visit with an oral surgeon to discuss his options. Some of the different types of oral surgery include the removal of impacted teeth, extraction of teeth, root canals, and surgeries for jaw related problems.

The parts of a tooth.
The parts of a tooth.

Leading up to surgery, the oral surgeon will thoroughly review the procedure and requirements for a successful surgery. This will include taking x-rays and reminding the patient of some surgery basics. Directions can also include not eating or drinking anything for a specified time period proceeding surgery and making sure a ride is available, should the patient be having a surgery that requires anesthesia.

An oral surgeon can perform surgeries to install dental implants.
An oral surgeon can perform surgeries to install dental implants.

The removal of impacted teeth, which commonly is done to the wisdom teeth, is one of the many types of oral surgery. Wisdom teeth are also considered the third set of molars. They often come in misaligned and become impacted. This can lead to pain and swelling at the site of the affected wisdom tooth. These teeth need to be surgically removed to prevent damage to surrounding teeth.

Wisdom teeth may have to be removed when they become impacted or the gums around them are infected.
Wisdom teeth may have to be removed when they become impacted or the gums around them are infected.

Extraction of infected or damaged teeth represents another type of oral surgery. During extraction, the affected tooth is removed. Depending on the location of the tooth, a dental implant may be recommended to replace the tooth to prevent future problems with alignment.

An oral surgeon must complete 4 years of dental school.
An oral surgeon must complete 4 years of dental school.

For those teeth with infections caused by cracks or cavities in the tooth, a root canal may be recommended in place of a total extraction. With a root canal, the decayed nerve and any infection is removed from the tooth. Restoration of the surface of the tooth is often necessary and is done by using a crown to cover the large hole or decayed portion of the tooth.

Tooth extraction is a common type of oral surgery.
Tooth extraction is a common type of oral surgery.

Surgeries related to fixing jaw related problems are another example of the different types of oral surgery. Examples include surgery to improve the fit of dentures and surgeries to correct temporomandibular joint (TMJ) problems. This type of oral surgery can often improve the ability to eat, swallow, and speak for patients experiencing jaw problems and conditions.

Other types of oral surgeries exist to help solve problems related to teeth and jaw health. This includes surgeries to reconstruct facial bones after injury. Other examples include repairing cleft lip or cleft palate and surgery to remove infection in the teeth or jaw areas.

Impacted wisdom teeth can cause pain and swelling.
Impacted wisdom teeth can cause pain and swelling.

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Discussion Comments

Heavanet

@rundocuri- Another important tip to follow prior to oral surgery is to watch your diet. If your doctor tells you not to eat certain types of foods, listen to him. You could end up compromising your results, breaking a stitch, or causing bleeding by eating hard, crunchy foods while you are healing.

Spotiche5

@rundocuri- I agree with you totally, and learned this important lesson the hard way. One time following a tooth extraction, I didn't finish the antibiotics my doctor prescribed and ended up with an oral infection. It is very important to always take antibiotics as prescribed following oral surgery.

Rundocuri

I have had several types of oral surgery, from wisdom teeth removal to maxillofacial surgery to dental implants. The results are usually very pleasing, but it is important to follow doctors' orders very closely to achieve these results. These orders always include not smoking, taking prescribed medications, and getting plenty of rest during the healing process.

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