An infectious disease can be caused by a variety of pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Some of the more commonly known types of infectious diseases include influenza, infectious mononucleosis, and a variety of sexually transmitted diseases. Meningitis, pneumonia, and tinea are additional examples of infectious disease types. Treatment for these diseases depends on the underlying cause as well as the overall health of the patient and should be supervised by a physician.
Influenza, commonly referred to as the flu, is a well-known type of infectious disease. This is a viral disease and may include symptoms such as sore throat, muscle pain, and coughing. Treatment usually involves rest and the use of over-the-counter medications designed to treat individual symptoms. Pneumonia can be caused by a virus and may lead to potentially life-threatening respiratory complications if not treated promptly by a doctor or other medical professional.
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Meningitis is an inflammation involving the protective covering of the brain or spinal cord and may have bacterial or viral origins. Infectious mononucleosis, sometimes referred to as the kissing disease, is caused by a virus and may cause symptoms similar to those associated with the flu. Over-the-counter or prescription medications may be given to help treat some of the most bothersome infections, but viral infections tend to go away on their own within a few days or weeks.
Gonorrhea is a type of infectious disease that is caused by bacteria and is spread through sexual contact with an infected partner. Without treatment, permanent infertility may develop, and an infected mother can pass the disease to her child during a vaginal delivery. Pneumonia can sometimes be caused by a bacterial infection, and treatment depends on whether the disease is viral or bacterial in nature.
Tinea is a common type of infectious disease and is caused by a fungal infection. This disease leads to redness, itching, and scaling or peeling of the skin. Ringworm, athlete's foot, and jock itch are all forms of tinea and are treated with over-the-counter or prescription anti-fungal creams or sprays.
Candida is an infectious disease similar to a fungal infection. This type of infection is caused by an overgrowth of yeast and is responsible for conditions such as thrush in infants and vaginal yeast infections in girls and women. Over-the-counter medications are often successful in treating vaginal yeast infections. Thrush, which affects the mouth, typically requires the use of a prescription medication. Medicated diaper cream may be prescribed to treat diaper rashes caused by yeast infections.