What Are the Different Types of Hygiene Systems?

Maggie J. Hall

Hygiene systems are required in a variety of settings from the private to public sectors. These systems differ, largely depending on the environment that requires them and the standards required by regulating agencies. Personal hygiene involves basic methods of preventing microorganism transmission. Workplace hygiene systems might range from simple common sense methods to requiring complex environmental equipment, sanitation devices, and protective clothing. Hygiene systems usually protect the individuals who come into public environments as well as the employees working in those environments.

Restroom hygiene systems may include hands-free operation of sinks, soap dispensers, and toilets.
Restroom hygiene systems may include hands-free operation of sinks, soap dispensers, and toilets.

A personal hygiene system usually involves the actions and products that an individual incorporates into a daily routine to maintain proper cleanliness of themselves and the environment around them. Personal hygiene systems usually include hand washing at recommended times and disposing of personal care products or general trash in appropriate containers. By maintaining personal standards, individuals protect themselves and the people around them from possible health hazards.

Public restrooms have ventilation systems ensuring fresh air and odor control.
Public restrooms have ventilation systems ensuring fresh air and odor control.

State or local governments often maintain public facilities in accordance with safety standards. Restroom hygiene systems may include hands-free operation of sinks, soap dispensers, and toilets, which minimize physical contact and decrease the spread of microorganisms. Public facilities are usually designed with surfaces that are easily cleaned and disinfected. Restrooms generally have an appropriate number and placement of trash collection containers. These facilities also typically have air circulation or ventilation systems ensuring fresh air and odor control.

Trash collection containers are an example of a hygiene system.
Trash collection containers are an example of a hygiene system.

Medical environments generally have specific hygiene standards for all employees. These standards apply not only to individual staff members but also to specific situations. Medical hygiene systems incorporate general housekeeping, universal blood and body fluid precautions, the care of patients, and the specific method of performing various procedures.

Toothpaste and brushing is part of personal hygiene.
Toothpaste and brushing is part of personal hygiene.

Industrial sites in which there may be hazardous materials may employ special filling or dump stations, along with equipment designed to clean without contaminating the air. Employees might be required to wear specific safety uniforms, preventing exposure to toxic substances. Both industrial sites and laboratories commonly use ventilated hoods and air purification systems that safeguard a healthy work environment. Companies might install all-in-one cleaning stations that provide hand washing and sanitizing modules in addition to cleaning the soles of footwear. These hygiene systems prevent contaminants from entering or leaving specialized work areas.

Hand washing is an important part of a person's personal hygiene.
Hand washing is an important part of a person's personal hygiene.

Any facility that prepares or serves food for public consumption must typically adhere to hygiene practices put in place by health regulating agencies. These systems regulate the general environment, the methods used to prepare, serve, and store food, and the personal hygiene standards for employees. Required equipment often includes stainless steel surfaces in food preparation areas, cooking utensils, and dishwashing facilities. Regulations also often include specific standards for food and water temperatures in addition to required sanitation systems for cleaning and disinfecting surfaces and utensils.

Regular changing of bed linens is a good hygiene practice.
Regular changing of bed linens is a good hygiene practice.
Clinics, hospitals and other medical facilities may require that workers follow strict hygiene procedures to reduce infection risks.
Clinics, hospitals and other medical facilities may require that workers follow strict hygiene procedures to reduce infection risks.
Many industries utilize cleaning crews to sanitize and disinfect surfaces regularly.
Many industries utilize cleaning crews to sanitize and disinfect surfaces regularly.

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