What are the Different Types of Hospital Equipment?

Jessica Ellis
Jessica Ellis

Hospitals are medical institutions with the goal of diagnosing, treating, and caring for patients with a wide variety of ailments and injuries. Because of this, it is necessary to have a broad range of equipment to be able to help more patients with greater speed and efficiency. There are many different types of hospital equipment, from simple and basic supplies to highly technical and sophisticated machines.

Most hospitals have surgical units with equipment to perform safe operations.
Most hospitals have surgical units with equipment to perform safe operations.

Diagnostic hospital equipment is extremely important to the day-to-day job of a hospital. Understanding what is causing an illness, determining the severity of injuries, or ruling out possible problems and conditions is all accomplished with diagnostic tools. Hospital equipment used for diagnosis includes scanning devices such as x-ray machines, Computed Axial Tomography, or CAT scanners, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRIs. Basic diagnostic hospital equipment includes simple tools such as stethoscopes, blood pressure reading devices, and thermometers.

A scalpel is a common surgical instrument.
A scalpel is a common surgical instrument.

Most hospitals feature a surgical unit that is dedicated to performing surgical treatments to cure or improve the lives of patients. Most surgeries are performed using cutting devices such as scalpels, scissors, or even focused lasers. While these devices may look scary, they are designed with the goal of minimizing pain and ensuring accuracy and safety. Another important type of surgical equipment is sterilization tools. These tools are meant to clean equipment, and are crucial in preserving both patient and doctor safety by preventing infection and accidental exposure.

Hospital equipment ranges from simple tools to complex devices.
Hospital equipment ranges from simple tools to complex devices.

Since hospitals must care for patients during and after many medical procedures, a lot of hospital equipment is devoted to patient comfort and monitoring. Monitoring equipment may include heart rate or pulse monitors, and is used to keep a close eye on the patient's condition. Patient comfort is accommodated by the use of adjustable beds, bedpans, privacy curtains, and even accessories such as televisions and radios. Keeping patients calm and comfortable is more likely to result in fast recoveries and positive attitudes, so it is in the best interest of the hospital to pay attention to the needs of their patients.

Heart rate and pulse monitors are frequently used in hospitals.
Heart rate and pulse monitors are frequently used in hospitals.

Some hospital equipment is also used to provide treatment. Intravenous bags can be used to give patients needed fluids or deliver medication throughout the body. If a hospital features a cancer-treatment facility, treatment equipment may include radiation and chemotherapy machines. Providing treatment is a major goal of most hospitals, so there often great need to ensure that equipment is well-maintained and uses the latest and most effective technology available.

Hospital equipment may include stethoscopes.
Hospital equipment may include stethoscopes.

Hospital equipment is a major portion of what makes a hospital different than a clinic or doctor's office. By providing patients with the best available equipment, hospitals can help a broad range of patients with widely different needs. Since medical technology evolves rapidly, new and more advanced equipment is in high demand and often will only go to the best-funded hospitals at first. Doing research into a hospital's available equipment and reputation with certain procedures or conditions is a smart way to ensure that a patient receives the best possible treatment.

Intravenous bags can be used to give patients needed fluids or deliver medication throughout the body.
Intravenous bags can be used to give patients needed fluids or deliver medication throughout the body.
Hospital beds are designed to keep patients comfortable and safe during treatment.
Hospital beds are designed to keep patients comfortable and safe during treatment.
Surgical instruments can be sterilized by using an autoclave.
Surgical instruments can be sterilized by using an autoclave.
Jessica Ellis
Jessica Ellis

With a B.A. in theater from UCLA and a graduate degree in screenwriting from the American Film Institute, Jessica is passionate about drama and film. She has many other interests, and enjoys learning and writing about a wide range of topics in her role as a wiseGEEK writer.

You might also Like

Readers Also Love

Discuss this Article

Post your comments
Login:
Forgot password?
Register: