What are the Different Types of Fishing Lures?

J. Beam

Fishing lures are available in a near endless array of styles, colors, sizes, and types. The main purpose of any type of fishing lure is to attract fish, but the type of fishing lure a fisherman chooses might be based on previous experience, personal preference, or another's suggestion. Each type of fishing lure performs differently underwater depending on its design.

There are numerous types of lures that fishermen can use to attract fish.
There are numerous types of lures that fishermen can use to attract fish.

Spinners, spoons, jigs, and soft plastic baits will all perform in a different way when reeled through the water. Experienced fisherman know how most types of fish will react to bait and can select an appropriate fishing lure for each situation. Most fishing lures are designed to closely resemble live bait in both appearance and movement when underwater. Though each fishing lure reacts differently, most mimic the swimming movements of a live critter when proper angling is applied.

The type of fishing lure used depends upon the type of fishing being done.
The type of fishing lure used depends upon the type of fishing being done.

Fishing lures are designed to work with the water, or in some cases against it. Novice fisherman might hold a fishing lure before tying it on and not quite see its performance potential. It isn't until the fishing lure is underwater and moving with the line that it lives it up to its potential. Certain fishing lures displace water as they move, while others, especially those made of feathers or hair, move freely with the water.

Earthworms are commonly used as fishing lures.
Earthworms are commonly used as fishing lures.

Many fishing lures are made in bright, almost obnoxious colors, while others are muted and more natural. Again, making the right choice is largely based on the type of fish you are trying to catch and the fishing conditions. Spoons are often good choices for highly vegetated areas, while plastic jigs work well for crappie fishing. Some fishing lures are even designed to make noise to help the fish better locate the bait in murky waters.

Knowing which fishing lure to use in each situation takes practice and experience. A fishing lure simply thrown into the water and left to float near the bottom is not likely to attract a fish. Fish often strike at movement, and learning the correct rod and reel techniques for each type of lure takes practice and patience and sometimes luck. Talk with experienced fisherman that have fished the waters you are planning to try and use their experience to your benefit.

Lures can be made with feathers.
Lures can be made with feathers.

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Discussion Comments


@ Anon16872- I live in Vermont and I do a lot of small mouth bass fishing in the reservoirs in the state. I usually use a canoe, but that is only because it is easier than hiking to the good shore spots. I still do most of my fishing close to the shore or in shallow water. I only fish deep when the water temperature is high.

Anyway, I like to use brown crawfish lures for small mouth when I am in shallow water. Areas with short underwater grass beds attract bass looking for these little crustaceans. It is also the larger fish that eat the crawfish, so they attend to land bigger catches.

In tall grass, I like to use rubber frog lures, gently pulling them across the top of the water mimicking the movement of the frogs. This will also catch pickerel though so use a stainless steel leader.


@ Anon16872- It depends on what you are fish species you are trying to catch. If you are fishing from shore in rocky areas often, a good lure is a shallow diving spoon. Something in a silver, brown or gold works well. These will attract bass, and other carnivorous fish. They look like little minnows that are darting through the water.

Frog lures might also be a good option for shore fishing. Think of what types of aquatic life would be found in the environment you are fishing in. Also, think about how your lures would move in nature and try to mimic that movement with your lures.


What lures should you use in different situations (weather, water, color or flat at glass)? I live in Mahopac,NY. 6 or 7 reservoirs. Mostly Rock Bottom. I'm fishing from shore. Thanks, MMMYER

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