What are the Different Types of Financial Planning Strategies?

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  • Written By: Tess C. Taylor
  • Edited By: W. Everett
  • Last Modified Date: 07 September 2019
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Individuals use financial planning strategies for a variety of reasons that include planning for future purchases, paying for an education, or retiring comfortably. There are many resources available to help design a reasonable financial plan so that earnings can be used wisely over time and be available when needed. The most common types of financial planning methods include personal budgeting, investment planning, estate planning, tax and business planning, retirement and estate planning, and educational saving.

One common type of financial planning strategy is cash flow management. which refers to the process by which individuals and families carefully decide how and where to allocate income to pay for household and lifestyle costs. Income is balanced against bills, entertainment, and other expenses to make sure that costs are covered and that some money is left each month for other things. It is important that individuals understand the basics of personal money management early in life so that other forms of financial planning can be handled correctly.

Other financial planning strategies that are common have to do with investing money and increasing wealth. Income that is earned can be added to savings accounts, money market accounts, mutual funds, stocks, bonds and other interest earning accounts to earn more over time. Saving money is an important hallmark of any sound strategy for financial planning, whether it is for the short term or long term.


Often, future purchases are anticipated, such as the cost of buying a home, paying for a vacation, or getting a college education. When this is the case, individuals may start their financial planning strategies with the goal in mind of saving enough money by a certain time to pay for these costs. Many families start saving for the cost of home ownership or putting children through college many years in advance, which is a good strategy for those trying to make ends meet.

Alternate types of financial planning strategies involve those that have to do with owning a business and anticipating the costs associated with this responsibility. Business owners generally need some form of capital to pay for equipment, pay employees, or to have money for tax debt. Planning ahead to have enough funds available is not only a requirement of doing business, it’s a responsibility that should be taken seriously.

While some individuals are dreaming of getting married and starting a family, others are thinking about retiring and settling into a carefree lifestyle. This is where retirement and estate financial planning strategies come into play. A portion of earnings can be allocated to a retirement or estate savings investment account, where it grows with interest. These tax-sheltered funds can then be used to pay for retirement, medical, and end-of-life expenses that can be burdensome for those who don’t plan ahead.


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