When you think of agriculture, farming may come to mind. However, there are many other types of agriculture jobs. Agriculture jobs are usually divided into different categories, such as agribusiness, agriscience, agricultural inspecting and animal breeding. Certain positions, such as farm and ranch workers, are often trained on the job. However, there are several other agriculture jobs which require specialized training and a college degree.
Agribusiness is one of the main types of agriculture jobs. This occupation involves working in various capacities with businesses who grow, process and sell agriculture products. It may involve farm management, price analysis and marketing. Although it may be possible to work in the area of agribusiness without a college degree, most positions require a four year college degree or higher.
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If the science of agriculture is more interesting to you than the business aspect, agricultural science may a good career option. Agricultural scientists work to improve the safety and quality of both crops and farm animals. Scientists often work in research facilities and universities. Entry level positions, such as product developers, require a bachelors degree in agricultural science. Those who want to conduct research or teach at the college level need a masters degree or PhD.
In order to ensure the food we eat is safe, it goes through an inspection process. Agriculture inspectors make sure farms and processing facilities meet all health and safety regulations. They test livestock to make sure they are free from dangerous diseases. Food is inspected for bacteria and other contaminants. Agriculture inspectors are usually hired by state government offices which oversee agriculture.
Developing improved methods to grow crops and raise healthy livestock is part of what agriculture engineers do. Engineers develop more efficient tools for farming, design irrigation systems for crops and work with processing companies to find the most efficient ways to package and distribute food. Agriculture engineers need a bachelors degree or higher and are usually employed by government agricultural departments or food processing businesses.
Another type of agriculture job is an animal breeder. Breeders need to be well educated on topics, such as animal health and genetics. Breeders must also know what foods to feed the animals in order to get healthy offspring. They carefully study the varying traits of different livestock, to determine which animals to breed. Many large animals are breed through artificial insemination and breeders need to understand how that procedure works.