Treatment for muscular system disorders depends on factors such as the type of disorder, specific symptoms present, and the overall health of the patient. Over-the-counter and prescription medications are frequently used to treat these disorders. Physical therapy, nutritional supplementation, and exercise are also commonly used to treat muscular system disorders. Supportive devices such as walkers, canes, or wheelchairs may sometimes be helpful for those with disorders affecting the muscles. Any specific questions or concerns about the various types of treatment options for these disorders should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.
Medications are often used as a first line of treatment by those with muscular system disorders. In fact, people who have relatively mild symptoms may attempt to self-medicate with over-the-counter drugs or herbal supplements before consulting a doctor to obtain a diagnosis. After the diagnosis has been made, the supervising physician may prescribe stronger pain medications if over-the-counter preparations have not provided sufficient pain relief. Addition medications that may be used include steroids, muscle relaxants, and anti-convulsants.
Physical therapy is an important part of many treatment programs for those with muscular system disorders. The therapist can help the patient perform safe exercises that will keep the muscles active and prevent them from wasting away. Many of these exercises can be performed at home, although it is best to check with a doctor before beginning any new exercise plan. Water aerobics are typically considered to be the most comfortable and beneficial form of exercise for those with weakened muscles.
Nutritional therapy may be used as a treatment option for some disorders. Many patients with muscle-related problems show symptom improvement by adding extra protein to the diet. Those with certain medical conditions, such as kidney disease, may not be able to safely add protein to the diet, so a doctor should first be consulted. Simple blood tests can determine whether any specific nutritional deficiencies are present, and supplements can be recommended or prescribed by the doctor.
Supportive mobility devices can help patients with debilitating muscular system disorders remain at least partially independent for a longer period of time. While some people may only need to use these devices occasionally, others may need them on a more permanent basis. A doctor can help the individual patient decide on the most appropriate combination of treatment methods in a specific situation.