The standard hospital bed size is generally a variant of the standard twin, sometimes referred to as a hospital twin. Several variations in hospital bed sizes with some similarities to the twin are also common. Additionally, for treatment revolving around individuals with larger body measurements, bariatric sized hospital beds can also be purchased.
In North America, standard twin size mattresses usually measure around 39 inches (99 cm) in width and 75 inches (190.5 cm) in length. The hospital twin, however, usually features a longer length of around 80 inches (203 cm). Due to its longer length, the hospital twin can give an ill patient greater comfort and accommodate taller individuals without taking up as much floor space as larger bed sizes. In hospital settings, more than one bed may be placed in a room and, to offer even greater room space, these hospital twins are usually not as wide as a standard single bed and may measure about 30 inches (76 cm) in width.
There are variations in the sizes of hospital beds that may be found in medical settings. An alternative to the standard hospital twin, for instance, is the hospital twin extra-long, which has the same width but is usually around 84 inches (213 cm) in length. A hospital extra-long, however, is 80 inches (203 cm) long like the standard hospital twin but has a width of 36 inches (91 cm). There is also a hospital extra-extra-long, which is 36 inches (91 cm) in width and 84 inches (213 cm) long. In spite of some differences in hospital bed sizes, these beds allow nurses and other caregivers to efficiently maneuver around the bed and perform various duties.
To accommodate obese individuals at bariatric treatment centers, weight loss clinics, and other health care settings, bariatric hospital bed sizes may be needed. Usually, standard sized hospital bed frames do not have the load bearing capacity to handle individuals who weigh in excess of 400 pounds (181 kg) and the hospital bed dimensions are also usually not appropriate. As a result, bedsores from lack of mobility or other serious injuries could occur. To accommodate obese patients, bariatric hospital bed sizes of up to 54 inches (137 cm) in width and 88 inches (223.5 cm) in length can be used. The weight bearing capacity of these beds may be as much as 1,000 pounds (454 kg).
On top of their use in hospitals and nursing homes, adjustable hospital beds can also be found in home health care settings. Hospital-style beds designed for home use are generally designed to look more stylish than typical hospital beds and may feature wider widths to accommodate the ill individual and his or her spouse. Generally, those in need can choose to rent or buy a new or used hospital bed. Insurance may be able to cover some of the cost.
The measurements of a hospital bed do not reflect the size of the bed frame. Instead, these hospital bed sizes reflect the dimensions of the mattress that these frames can adequately accommodate. When buying a new mattress or purchasing sheets, knowing the correct mattress dimensions may be essential for getting the right fit.