Clindamycin is a type of antibiotic that typically is used to treat bacterial infections. Clindamycin is available as both an oral capsule and as a liquid and should be taken exactly as prescribed by a physician. It is important to finish all of the medication, even if symptoms begin to improve. Common clindamycin side effects include nausea, vomiting, and heartburn. More serious clindamycin side effects that require immediate medical attention may include difficulty breathing or swallowing, hives, or a yellowing of the eyes or skin.
Many patients are able to take this medication without any negative side effects. When they do occur, most clindamycin side effects are mild and do not preclude the patient from taking the medication. With this said, any negative side effects that are bothersome or do not go away should be reported to a doctor. Allergic reactions are rare, but when they do occur, they can be life-threatening if not treated immediately.
The most commonly reported clindamycin side effects involve stomach upset, such as nausea or vomiting. Some patients may also experience increased heartburn. While these symptoms are generally mild, they can become so debilitating that the medication must be discontinued. The patient should consult a doctor before discontinuing the medication so another antibiotic can be prescribed.
Other commonly reported clindamycin side effects include joint pain and the development of white patches in the mouth. Some women may experience burning, swelling, or itching in the vaginal area when taking this medication. Some women have also reported a thick, white vaginal discharge. These symptoms should go away once the medication has been finished.
Some of the more rare, but potentially more harmful, clindamycin side effects may include skin disorders such as rashes, blisters, or hives. If these symptoms are accompanied by facial swelling or difficulty breathing or swallowing, this may indicate an allergic reaction. Emergency medical assistance is crucial at this point, as the airways can become blocked, leading to potential brain injury, or even death, if not treated right away.
A yellowing of the eyes or skin or a decreased ability to urinate are other potential clindamycin side effects that should prompt immediate medical care. In rare cases, liver or kidney damage may occur as the result of taking this type of medication. Immediate medical care may prevent permanent organ damage in many cases. Any new health concerns that develop after beginning treatment with clindamycin should be reported to a doctor for proper evaluation.