What are the Different Biotechnology Careers?

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  • Written By: Carol Francois
  • Edited By: Heather Bailey
  • Last Modified Date: 04 April 2020
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There are four different types of biotechnology careers: product development, working for a biotechnology company, research, and teaching. In biotechnology, the primary focus is to combine technological developments with biological systems or requirements. This is a relatively new field that is experiencing considerable growth.

In order to qualify for any of the different biotechnology careers, post-secondary education is necessary. There are programs available at the university, community and career college levels. University programs are more theoretical in focus, and provide opportunities to obtain master's and doctoral degrees in this field. A college program is typically more skills focused, providing training in the processes and techniques used to work with and create biotechnological devices.

Product development work is central to creating new devices, improving the efficiency of existing devices, and making the best possible use of new technologies as they become available. This type of work is typically completed by people who have completed a university degree is biotechnology, together with a team of technologists.

There are a broad range of biotechnology careers available in the technology and health services sector. This industry is the primary customer for new tools, devices, and equipment to enhance diagnostics, improve patient outcomes and reduce injuries or illness. These companies are often on the forefront of innovation, working to improve the quality of life for everyone.


Many biotechnology careers are research focused. There are opportunities to work in both private companies and research institutes for candidates with excellent academic credentials and good ideas. Part of the responsibility of a researcher is to manage the administrative processes surrounding research grants. In addition to the actual work, many invest significant time looking for, applying, and managing their funding.

Teaching is another excellent biotechnology career option. Positions are available for instructors at local community or career colleges, teaching courses to biotechnologists, or at the university level. In order to become an effective instructor, many people complete a certificate program in adult education. Learning the most effective ways to teach adults can be a huge help when making this career transition.

People who report the greatest satisfaction in biotechnology careers enjoy working with technology, problem-solving, and working independently. The types of positions available vary by industry and level of education. The more education you have completed, the more options you have available.

Most biotechnology careers have a broad range of career advancement opportunities available. Regardless of the industry where initial experience is obtained, all technical skills are transferable to other areas of biotechnology. The only restrictions to promotion are based on working experience.


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