Successfully growing succulent house plants usually involves having a good understanding of each individual plant and its specific needs. Though succulents may have some things in common, such as their water and fertilizing needs, their lighting requirements may be quite different. The assumption that all succulents should be treated the same could result in many plants failing to thrive. Before growing succulents, it is a good idea to speak to someone at a local nursery about care of a specific type of plant, or to obtain a book that details various types of succulents and their care.
One thing most all succulents have in common is their watering needs. It is generally recommended that when growing succulent house plants, the soil should be allowed to almost dry before adding fresh water. When it is time to water, the water should be at room temperature, and in most cases, a thorough soaking of the root ball is required. Ideally, these plants should not be misted, and if possible, they should be kept away from humid environments. According to many experts, the best time of day to water succulents is early in the morning.
Another commonality among succulents is their reactions to fertilizer, and in many cases, over-fertilizing these plants can result in their death. Some experts claim it is better not to fertilize succulents at all when compared to the risk of over-fertilizing or using the wrong mixture. When growing succulent house plants, it is a good idea to exercise special care when fertilizing and to choose a mixture that has a very low percentage of nitrogen. Fertilizers designed especially for succulents can be purchased at most nurseries and garden centers.
Lighting requirements are usually the main area where many types of succulents differ, as some prefer full to partial sun, while others need shade. This is a case where the requirements of the succulents will need to be studied so the plants can be placed in an area that meets their needs. Some common succulents that prefer full to partial sun include aloe, hens and chicks, and many types of cactus. Shade-loving succulents include crassoula, ciliaris, and haworthia. If succulent house plants are going to be placed in front of a window, the amount of sunlight that filters through should typically be measured in hours, and placement should be determined accordingly.