What are Initial Jobless Claims?

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  • Written By: Keith Koons
  • Edited By: Lauren Fritsky
  • Last Modified Date: 13 August 2019
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An initial jobless claim is nothing more than someone seeking state or federal assistance after losing employment. National governments monitor the status of unemployment in their respective countries by analyzing initial jobless claims, which denotes the number of people that have filed for state unemployment benefits. Economists and analysts watch initial jobless claims figures to make predictions on a variety of economic issues from foreign exchange rates to consumer spending, and this information also comes in handy for governments when it comes to creating fiscal budgets and long-term growth plans.

Many countries offer unemployment benefits as a way of mitigating the hardships that their citizens go through in a recession. These programs are typically expensive, but are necessary to buffer the impact of an economic decline. Governments often raise the funds required for an unemployment insurance initiative by taking a small percentage out of each citizen's monthly paycheck. Therefore, when the economy is doing well and the job market is healthy, unemployment insurance initiatives funds increase without much spending. When the economy is in decline, these unemployment benefits programs have the money to handle the influx of initial jobless claims.


Initial jobless claims, therefore, strive to be up-to-date and accurate. Since the data about claims for unemployment benefits for one week is volatile, analysts often look at a four-week average of initial jobless claims to get a more robust understanding of the job market. Consumer spending is also directly tied to unemployment and it can be accurately gauged by analyzing initial jobless claims figures. When a certain region or territory is struggling with high unemployment numbers, a number of different business sectors will adjust their sales and service tactics to accommodate their local communities.

These claims are not just analyzed for insight into a country’s job market, and the number of people currently collecting unemployment has implications for many other facets of the government as well. For example, because unemployment is an indication of a country’s economic strength, rising unemployment will mean a weaker currency within global markets. Traders use initial jobless claims as an invaluable tool to predict a currency’s immediate prospects. Similarly, more unemployed workers means that there is less money to spend on consumer goods, as an unemployed person is more likely to spend income on bare necessities than luxury items. Businesses will often adjust their advertising to appeal to unemployed workers on an extremely tight budget when the situation arises, which is why initial jobless claims ultimately affect everyone within an impacted region.


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