What are Endometriosis Adhesions?

Article Details
  • Written By: Amy Hunter
  • Edited By: Andrew Jones
  • Last Modified Date: 22 November 2019
  • Copyright Protected:
    Conjecture Corporation
  • Print this Article
Free Widgets for your Site/Blog
In 2019, some Chinese companies offered "dating leave" to unmarried women in the hopes they would find partners.  more...

November 22 ,  1963 :  US President John F. Kennedy was assassinated.  more...

Endometriosis adhesions are pieces of scar tissue that develop inside the bodies of women who have endometriosis. The adhesions can be thin and pliable or thick and fibrous. Endometriosis adhesions can develop between the ovaries and attach to the side of the pelvis, or they can form between body organs, such as the bladder and kidneys.

Endometriosis adhesions cause pain, particularly when moving. Other than pain, adhesions are difficult to diagnose. They are not visible on imagining equipment, such as CT scans or ultrasounds, and most physicians have difficulty diagnosing them through a pelvic examination. An experienced gynecologist who is familiar with endometriosis may be able to diagnose endometriosis adhesions by taking a detailed medical history and performing a pelvic exam.

Laparoscopic surgery is a definitive way to diagnose endometriosis adhesions. During laparoscopy, the surgeon makes a small incision below the navel, and uses that opening to access the abdominal cavity. The physician can not only see inside the abdomen and determine if adhesions are present, they can also remove them at the same time. Open surgery, where the abdomen is opened with a large incision, is not recommended for treatment of adhesions, as making a large opening may lead to the creation of additional adhesions from scar tissue that develops after surgery.


Endometriosis adhesions can cause different complications, depending on where they are located. In addition to pain, adhesions can lead to problems with mobility, digestive issues, bowel obstructions, urinary problems and infertility. Surgical removal is the only recommended treatment for adhesions.

Endometriosis is most common in women between the ages of 25 and 44, affecting between 7 and 15 percent of this age group. Women who have their first pregnancy after the age of 30, women who have long menstrual periods, and those with immediate family members, such as a mother or sister, with the disease have an increased risk of developing endometriosis. Endometriosis occurs when small pieces of the endometrium, or uterine lining, grow outside of the uterus. These pieces of endometrium may attach to the outside of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, kidneys, intestines, or vagina.

Complications arise because the uterine tissue that develops outside the uterus still bleeds during the woman's menstrual cycle. The blood remains trapped in the abdominal cavity, where it causes inflammation, cramps, swelling, and pain. Doctors treat endometriosis through pain relief and slowing the progression of the disease. Over the counter and prescription anti-inflammatory medication can ease the pain. Hormonal birth control slows the progression of the disease.


You might also Like


Discuss this Article

Post 3

Is it possible to have endometriosis after a hysterectomy?

Post 2

@donasmrs- It depends on what stage your endometriosis is at, and also the extent of the adhesions. If it's a stage four, where the adhesions affect multiple organs, there will be more discomfort after surgery than a stage one.

But you will be on pain relievers, so you should be able to recover in about a week. I had a laparoscopy for stage three endometriosis and I stopped taking pain relievers after the first three days.

I have heard that some people continue to have issues after their laparoscopy, but I don't think this is very common.

Post 1

I've been experiencing pelvic pain, heavy periods and pain during sex for the past three months. My doctor thinks that I have endometriosis adhesions. But I will have to have a laparoscopy to confirm it. She also said that if she finds them, she will remove them during the laparoscopy.

Has anyone here had a laparoscopy to remove endometriosis adhesions? How did it go? Is recovery very painful?

Post your comments

Post Anonymously


forgot password?