There are numerous gymnastic exercises, including stretches and gymnastic tension exercises. Many of these are basic exercises for beginners. Some of these involve advanced range of motion and dexterity to accomplish. Some exercises are primarily for women's events, while others are targeted for men. Some fall into the agility training category.
The best gymnastic exercises for beginning gymnastics are basic tumbling techniques and squats. Cartwheels and splits are also basic gymnastic exercises. Tumbling gymnastics generally require a padded surface such as an exercise mat that cushions the impact. Many physical education programs in various grades of school require tumbling as a basic exercise.
To properly execute cartwheels, splits, and handsprings, agility and flexibility are required. The participant generally needs to build upper body strength to perform these exercises. A cartwheel will require good flexibility in the arms, as the participant needs to stretch her arms as much as possible to achieve results. Legs cannot be bent to perform a cartwheel with proper form. To execute an effective split, typically performed by a cheerleader, warm up exercises and gentle stretching are often done first.
Vaulting and balance beam exercises are generally reserved for gymnastic competitions. These exercises require many hours of practice to execute correctly. Handsprings and handstands are other types of gymnastic exercises performed by gymnasts of all skill levels.
Gymnastic bars are used in many forms of exercises. Some of the basic exercises done on a balance bar include front hip circles and glides. Any of these bar exercises usually require good timing for perfect execution. Air-bound exercises done using a balance bar are generally more difficult and require a good deal of practice. Some of these exercises include handsprings.
Many gymnastic exercises are meant to target specific parts of the body. Abdominal exercises are commonly done for toning and strength. Some exercises such as the abdominal crunch, are done on a balance bar while others can be done on an exercise mat.
Another type of gymnastic exercise targets the feet. Individuals with arch problems or other issues involving the feet may benefit from these stretches. For safety and health purposes, it is best to consult with a physician before attempting any of these exercises.
There are specially designed gymnastic exercises for pre-school children. Some include simple tumbling and trampoline jumps. These are typically taught by a trained instructor. Cartwheels are another basic exercise the youngster may attempt to master in a class for pre-school children.