What are Cold Smoked Foods?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Cold smoked foods are foods which have been cured using a cold smoking technique. One of the most well known examples of a cold smoked food is cold smoked salmon, or lox, although bacon and ham are often cold smoked as well. The cold smoking process yields a flavorful food with a texture which closely resembles the food in its raw state, since cold smoking does not actually cook the food. Many groceries and butchers sell an assortment of cold smoked foods, ranging from imported Gouda cheese to locally cured meats and seafood.

Gouda, a type of cold smoked cheese.
Gouda, a type of cold smoked cheese.

When foods are cold smoked, they are brined or salted first. The brining helps to preserve the food while it cures, and inhibits the growth of bacteria. After brining, the food is usually rinsed so that it will not be overwhelmingly salty, and then it is hung in a cold smoker, usually for an extended period of time. Unlike hot smoking, which can be accomplished in a few hours, cold smoking requires days or weeks of slow exposure to cooled smoke.

Bacon is typically cold smoked.
Bacon is typically cold smoked.

The temperatures in a cold smoker hovers around 70-90 degrees Fahrenheit (21-33 degrees Celsius). Often, aromatic smoke is produced by burning woods in a separate chamber, so that the heat of the burning does not elevate the temperature in the cold smoker. The cold smoker may also be kept dry, as humidity can promote the growth of mold and bacteria. The smoke is piped in and allowed to slowly penetrate the food. After cold smoking, the color of the food has usually altered slightly, and the flavor has layers of complexity from the smoking process.

Cold smoked foods may include salmon.
Cold smoked foods may include salmon.

Because cold smoked foods are not actually cooked, many require refrigeration and relatively rapid use after curing. The directions for each cold smoked food are different, however, so consumers should always check when purchasing individual cold smoked foods. Many cold smoked foods also need to be cooked before they are safe to eat, as is the case with bacon. Proper handling directions should always be printed on food packaging or delivered orally.

Lox, which is commonly served with cream cheese on a bagel, may be prepared via cold smoking.
Lox, which is commonly served with cream cheese on a bagel, may be prepared via cold smoking.

There are many uses for cold smoked foods. Cold smoked salmon, for example, is often eaten on bagels with cream cheese, or tossed with creamy pasta sauces. Cold smoked meats make up an important part of the culinary heritage of many regions, and are used in a wide assortment of dishes. Enterprising cooks can often come up with new ways to use cold smoked food, or new combinations of wood and brine to flavor cold smoked foods in a new way.

The cold smoking method causes meats to taste particularly salty.
The cold smoking method causes meats to taste particularly salty.
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

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Discussion Comments

tigers88

Does anyone know how to cold smoke meat at home? I have done a little bit of research but it seems like any smoking operation will require a lot of space, equipment and money, none of which I really have.

I have been smoking meat, hot smoking I guess, for years now. I love to BBQ and have even branched out into the areas of smoked vegetables and fruits. Cold smoking seems like the logical next step. How can I make it work at home?

summing

I really like cold smoked fish. I grew up in a Jewish household so it was a pretty common feature on our dinning room table. My father especially loved lox. He would have eaten it every single day if we had had the money.

Me, I prefer smoked salmon. I like to make smoked salmon sandwiches with a little bit of mayo and lettuce.

truman12

I love a good smoked Gouda. It is kind of my ritual after work to come home, kick off my shoes, pour myself a glass of red wine and enjoy some Gouda on wheat crackers.

I love all kinds of cheese but there is something about the smoky, creamy flavor of smoked Gouda that beats all others.

anon25437

very good website for the culinary people keep on doing the same.

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