What are Broadband Telecommunications?

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  • Written By: Malcolm Tatum
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 25 September 2019
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Broadband telecommunications is any type of transmission that makes use of a digital or analog signal to relay voice and data. In most applications, the term is connected with systems that offer a rapid transmission of data, either using newer digital technology or an analog system that employs a wider bandwidth. There are several different types of broadband telecommunications in common use today for both the workplace and the home.

One of the configurations that has been around for a number of years is the integrated services digital network, or ISDN. This network design can be used to relay voice and data over copper telephone lines. While not the fastest of broadband options, this telecommunications tool makes it possible to access the Internet without the need for a high-speed connection or a lot of resources.

Another common example of broadband telecommunications is the asynchronous transfer mode, referred to in the telecommunications world as ATM. Faster than ISDN, this option has proven to be extremely helpful for companies that rely heavily on the Internet and electronic communications. It is possible to establish this type of connection through a carrier, or the company can also install the equipment on site and manage their own ATM network with relative ease.


There are two forms of broadband telecommunications that many households use for their telecommunications needs. One option is the digital subscriber line, or DSL. This option is offered by a number of telephone service providers, and allows for the high-speed transmission of data over traditional phone lines. Many homes in a number of countries choose this option, especially in situations where the carrier provides equipment that makes it possible to split the signal and enjoy high speed Internet and home landline service through the same wiring.

The second popular home broadband telecommunications solution is the cable data network. This approach makes it possible to enjoy some of the fastest voice and data communications possible, while also establishing a connection to a cable television provider. Many of these providers now use broadband to offer bundled services to customers that include home telephone service, Internet access, and cable television. In most designs, a single cable into the home establishes the network for all three functions.

The latest in broadband telecommunications is the wireless option. Systems of this type use a variety of different signaling solutions, including satellite and microwave transmissions to offer the high-speed connections for the transmission of voice and data. Thanks to this solution, it is now possible for people to make telephone calls and access the Internet without the need for connection to equipment via a power cord. As long as the handheld device or laptop computer is equipped with the right hardware and software to access the broadband network, it is possible to connect and enjoy speedy communications from anywhere in the area serviced by the wireless setup.


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