Gingivitis is not generally considered contagious, as it is commonly caused by a buildup of plaque along the gum line. The bacteria which cause it may be spread from person to person, and since it can sometimes occur with other periodontal diseases, it is important to be cautious because certain other gum issues can be spread. Since the bacteria which may contribute to gingivitis can be communicable, it is a good idea to brush and floss after eating, as well as after sharing utensils, kissing, or drinking from someone else's cup.
Gingivitis is a gum disease which results from plaque building up around the gums and causing inflammation. This happens because bacteria live in the plaque and infect the tissue of the gums. Symptoms may include bleeding, bad breath, swelling, and soreness along the gum line.
Although the disease is considered entirely preventable in most cases, there are some types which may be spread from person to person, although brushing several times a day cuts down on the this risk. Any type of bacteria can be spread through activities like kissing and sharing eating utensils or cups, and the spread of bacteria could mean a higher threat of developing the disease, although it does not spread directly in this manner.
The best way of preventing gingivitis is to brush after every meal in order to keep plaque from building up. Seeing a dentist regularly is also a good idea to ensure that there are no trouble areas in the teeth, such as tartar buildup or cavities. Using a medicated or antiseptic mouthwash is another good way to kill germs and keep gum disease at bay. Flossing is also an important part of oral health because it removes food matter and plaque from between the teeth more thoroughly than brushing.
Treatments include special mouth rinses, toothpastes, and sometimes surgery in very severe cases. Following treatment plans is very important to prevent further damage to the teeth and gums. If gum disease becomes very severe, the teeth may eventually become loose and fall out. In this case, dentures may be the only option.
Gingivitis may seem to spread from one person to another because it may be more likely to run in families. This is often because family members have shared oral hygiene habits and may all neglect to brush, floss, or rinse with mouthwash. Although not usually directly contagious, if someone has been diagnosed with the disease, it is a good idea to abstain from sharing eating utensils until it has been properly treated.