How do I Control Blood Sugar?

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  • Written By: Steve R.
  • Edited By: Kristen Osborne
  • Last Modified Date: 05 November 2019
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Abnormal blood sugar levels are often related to medical conditions such as hypoglycemia and diabetes, and it is recommended that anyone with these conditions seek treatment from a medical professional. However, there are some dietary and lifestyle changes people with high blood sugar can make to control their glucose. A healthy diet rich in fiber and low in various kinds of sugars is one of the most important things to maintain in order to control blood sugar. Exercise and other lifestyle choices also can affect the blood glucose level.

While eating a diet low in sugar seems an obvious choice for maintaining a healthy blood glucose level, there are certain types of sugars and carbohydrates that are better than others. Healthy carbohydrates that are low on the glycemic index, when eaten in moderation, are good. These include certain fruits, vegetables, and grains, as well as low-fat dairy products.

Even though some carbohydrates are necessary for a healthy diet, it is wise for people with blood sugar issues to keep track of the carbs they eat and stay as consistent as possible. If an individual's carbohydrate intake varies too much, the fluctuation may alter sugar levels. A dietitian can help a person with his carbohydrate intake and suggest other foods that may be low in the glycemic index.


Another way a person can control blood sugar levels is by consuming foods rich in fiber. Fiber is the part of plant food that the body is unable to digest. Foods that have large amounts of fiber include nuts, lentils, and wheat bran. Foods high in fiber not only are good for controlling blood sugar levels, but they lower the chances for coronary diseases. Other dietary methods to control blood sugar include taking in the same amount of calories each day, eating fish that contains omega-3 fatty acids, and consuming foods that are low in fat and salt.

Besides diet, exercise is a good way to manage blood sugar. The body responds to extra calories and pounds by increasing sugar levels. Walking, bicycling, swimming, and jogging are some examples of healthy activities to lose or maintain weight. Patients with abnormal sugar levels should consult a medical professional for help designing an exercise regime that would be both manageable and effective.

People also can control blood sugar my making healthy life choices. for example, diabetic patients should take their medicine as prescribed. Quitting smoking can go a long way to lowering blood sugar levels, as well as reducing the risk of heart disease and other serious medical conditions.

Stress can also affect blood sugar level, as well as blood pressure and other bodily functions. In addition, stress can cause a person to eat more or eat erratically, which can also contribute to high blood sugar. A person can curb stress by finding positive outlets, such as a hobby or making time to relax. People also can seek treatment from medical professionals to help with reducing or dealing with stress.


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