The recommended dosage of bromelain is 80 to 320 milligrams, two to three times a day. Select a bromelain tablet with that dosage recommendation in mind. Bromelain tablets that provide a higher dosage per tablet require fewer pills per day. However, someone who wants to take bromelain several times each day may prefer a lower potency tablet to avoid cutting the pills. The exact amount of bromelain recommended depends on the reason for taking the supplement.
Bromelain tablets are derived from the protein-digesting enzymes found in pineapple. Pineapple has a long history of use for treating inflammation and digestive issues. Today, bromelain is widely used for treating various types of swelling and inflammation.
Individuals taking bromelain tablets to reduce symptoms of arthritis should take between 500 and 2000 mg daily, divided into several doses. For injuries, the recommendation is 500 mg, four times a day, taken on an empty stomach. Those taking bromelain as a digestive supplement should take 500 mg total, divided so that some is taken with each meal.
Potency is an important consideration when purchasing bromelain tablets as well. For best results, choose tablets from a reputable source. Check the expiration date on the container before purchasing. Store tablets away from areas where they will be exposed to high heat or humidity, such as the bathroom.
Taking bromelain tablets may reduce healing time, pain, swelling, and bruising after an injury or surgery. It may also reduce inflammation from muscle injuries, strains, and sprains. Bromelain may reduce mucus and coughs associated with sinus infections. It may also reduce swelling caused by hay fever.
Bromelain helps the body digest proteins, which can relieve heartburn and stomach upset. In these cases, bromelain may be used along with other enzymes, such as lipase, which digests fats, and amylase, which digests starches. Bromelain may also have antibacterial properties that help treat diarrhea. Research has found that bromelain, when combined with trypsin and rutosid, is as effective at treating arthritis pain as commonly recommended nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Bromelain may also be effective at reducing the pain of rheumatoid arthritis.
Although bromelain is derived from pineapple, the concentration is not strong enough to reach therapeutic levels through consumption of the fruit alone. Like all supplements, care should be taken to minimize the side effects and interactions of bromelain tablets. It is not recommended to take bromelain for longer than 10 consecutive days. Side effects of bromelain are typically mild, and include diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and increased menstrual bleeding.