How can I Maintain Eye Health?

B. Miller

It is important to maintain eye health to prevent degeneration of the eyes; this is done with a combination of protecting the eyes from sun damage or injury, and visiting an ophthalmologist regularly to check for diseases such as cataracts or glaucoma. Maintaining eye health is largely a matter of common sense and not straining the eyes. For instance, it is important to wear sunglasses whenever one is going out into the sun.

Watching too much television may cause eye strain.
Watching too much television may cause eye strain.

One of the most important ways to maintain eye health is to protect the eyes against sunlight, which can cause permanent injury to the eyes. Choose dark sunglasses that are rated for 100 percent UVA and UVB protection, and wear them whether driving or walking outside. These will help to protect not just the eyes themselves, but the delicate skin around the eyes, which can easily become wrinkled and damaged if exposed to the sun.

Wearing glasses, if required, can help prevent eye strain and help maintain eye health.
Wearing glasses, if required, can help prevent eye strain and help maintain eye health.

Protecting the eyes when doing any type of work outside is important for maintaining eye health as well. This means wearing protective goggles or glasses while mowing the lawn, for instance, or while using power tools. If a workplace offers protective goggles to be worn while working, it is important to always wear them at that time as well. This will protect anything from causing physical damage to the eye.

Eye drops can be used occasionally to relieve eye irritation.
Eye drops can be used occasionally to relieve eye irritation.

Experts recommend visiting an ophthalmologist every year or two for a regular examination; younger people generally do not need to go more than once every few years unless they notice a problem with their eyes, or a change in eyesight. A doctor will be able to perform tests to determine whether or not eye issues such as glaucoma, cataracts, or macular degeneration are occurring. It is important to catch all of these conditions early in order to receive treatment. If one has diabetes, it is important to get regular eye exams because diabetes frequently leads to glaucoma.

Getting a regular eye exam can help keep the eyes healthy.
Getting a regular eye exam can help keep the eyes healthy.

Finally, maintain eye health by treating the eyes well throughout the day. Do not sit too close to a television or computer monitor, and be sure to take breaks to give the eyes a rest. Wear glasses if necessary, and only wear contacts as long as necessary if they start to dry out or irritate the eyes. Eye drops may be used occasionally, but it is best to simply allow the eyes to rest if they are irritated and dry than to add medication.

UV radiation from sunlight can harm the eyes over time.
UV radiation from sunlight can harm the eyes over time.
Avoiding alcohol while wearing contacts may help prevent dry eyes.
Avoiding alcohol while wearing contacts may help prevent dry eyes.
Wearing sunglasses that protect against UV rays can help protect the eyes.
Wearing sunglasses that protect against UV rays can help protect the eyes.
If eyes become tired or dry, it is often best to rest them.
If eyes become tired or dry, it is often best to rest them.
Routine eye exams can help detect vision or eye problems early.
Routine eye exams can help detect vision or eye problems early.
Anatomy of the human eye.
Anatomy of the human eye.

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