There are many techniques to improve concentration in sports, and the effectiveness of each method will vary with different athletes under different circumstances. Many experts recommend living in a way that minimizes personal distractions right before sporting events so that the mind can more easily focus. Some athletes have carefully constructed physical routines that they go through, like the practice swings that golfers take, for example, and these are often specifically designed to improve concentration in sports. Some coaches also recommend that the athlete learn to control his train of thought to avoid any negativity, and many experts urge athletes to focus on the immediate physical situation while avoiding any concerns beyond the moment.
Generally speaking, concentration in sports is almost always important, but certain sporting events have less room for error than others. For example, golf and baseball are both sports where very small physical inconsistencies in movement can have huge impacts on performance. Athletes in both sports may need tremendous concentration to make sure they don't vary their movements much at all, and any mental distraction can potentially cause a total collapse.
Experts suggest that one of the most powerful methods of improving concentration in sports is to create a physical routine. For example, when baseball players take a practice swing, or pitchers walk off the mound between pitches, they are often resetting their minds and focusing in on the next action they have to perform. These sorts of routines are seen in all kinds of sports, and they're often performed specifically for the purpose of narrowing focus, concentrating, and preparing the body to perform.
One problem that can often cause difficulties with concentration in sports is when athletes focus too much on winning and losing. Usually, athletes can perform better if they focus a little more on the process of exactly what they're trying to do physically, and they might have a lot of difficulty concentrating if they get nervous about the ultimate outcome. In fact, most thoughts that cause intense emotions during an athletic performance can be a distraction, and this would include any personal issues that might pull the athlete’s thoughts away from his task.
In order to avoid personal distractions, some athletes completely change their home life during the time before a performance. For example, some boxers leave their family and seclude themselves in a training camp while preparing for a match. Other athletes may change the way they eat or sleep leading up to an event, and many withdraw from any external issues that might cause a distraction.