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Who Was Genghis Khan?

Kublai Khan was the grandson of Genghis Khan.
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  • Written By: L. S. Wynn
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To understand who Genghis Khan was and the magnitude of his impact, we need to consider the context in which he rose to power. During the 1100s, Mongolia was a sparsely populated region with many tribes. Mongols were illiterate, but they were disciplined and coordinated.

The tribes engaged in frequent wars with neighboring regions north and east of China. Khan's birth name was Temujin. During his life he created a confederation of Mongol tribes to improve their chances in battle. By 1202, Temujin had created an intimidating force and they attacked and conquered the Tatars to the east.

Temujin's success against the Tatars impressed the aging Mongol king and he was made heir to the throne. In 1206 Temujin became Genghis Khan or "emperor of all emperors". Khan continued the process he had already begun - organizing warriors and consolidating Mongol tribes. He is credited for introducing record keeping and the rule of law into the agrarian society.

By 1210 he overtook the Tangut kingdom, and fought against the Ruzhen in northeast China. His string of conquests was bolstered by his innovative military strategies. He conquered Transoxiana, Bukhara (Uzbekistan) and Samarkand. Later, with brilliant tactics and fierce fighting, he accompanied his armies in successful battles against Persia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

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In 1225, Genghis Khan returned to Mongolia as the ruler of vast swaths of land from the Caspian Sea all the way to Korea. He had power over more of the world than any other conqueror at any time of history. Despite his ferocity, however, the lands he controlled enjoyed freedom of religion and efficient trade routes.

In 1227, another battle was raging between the Mongols and the Tangut. It is believed that during this battle, Khan fell off of his horse and died; he was about 65 years old. The huge Mongolian empire was then ruled by Genghis Kahn's sons and grandson: Ögedei and Kubilai Khan.

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Discuss this Article

MichaelHorde
Post 16

Tatars knew and remembered that Genghis Khan was their ancestor and tribesman since ancient times. Besides, this is stated in many ancient sources. It it spoken of in the Tatar historical sources, and also in sources from other nations: Arabic, Chinese, Russian, Turkish and West European.

Only this theme about Genghis Khan and the truth about his origin, his native ethnos and his affairs was taboo, as in the official history of the Romanovs and during the Soviet-Bolshevik regime.

But now the historical truth has been revealed that the native ethnos of Chingiz-Khan was one of the medieval Turkic ethnoses - medieval Tatars - the ancestors of the modern Tatars and their fraternal Turkic peoples.

"Тhe Secret history of the Mongols" - known as the official history - was composed by Chinese historians in the second half of the 14th century. These Chinese historians were ideologists of those who fought then against the Tatars of the Horde in China, after anti-Tatar propaganda "about the war Tatars against the Chingiz-Khan" etc. was repeated by Persian Rashid ad-Din, who was an enemy of the Tatars of the Golden Horde. So these are only in these two sources and in the derivatives from them which report that "Tatars were the enemies of the Chingiz-Khan".

But, many other sources of those times said the "Tatars are a Turkic tribe, and their king is the Chingiz-Khan" (Arabic Ibn al-Asher, 1219); "in 1187 Tatars had elected a King for themselves, whose name was Genghis-Khan" (Marco Polo, 13-th century); "Tatar's Khan Temuchin declared himself as Emperor and Tatars named his "Genghis-Khan" (a lot of Chinese sources), etc. Such sources, I repeat, are numerous, but they are not very known to the general public at the present time.

However, books have been published recently by an independent Tatar historian, Galy Yenikeyev, about the unwritten (hidden) real history of theTatar Nation. So, everything mentioned above, as well as much of the true history of the Tatars and other fraternal Turkic peoples, which was hidden from us, had been written, in detail and proved, in the book "Forgotten Heritage of Tatars" (by Galy Yenikeyev).

There are a lot of previously little-known historical facts, as well as 16 maps and illustrations in this book. It is available online.

On the cover of this book you can see the true appearance of Genghis Khan. It is his lifetime portrait, and the notes discuss its authenticity.

tuvshin1102
Post 13

Last few days I've read many posts that says Chingis Khaan is not Mongolian but Turkic. Those people think he was Turkic because his name is Turkic. And also regarding the fact the Western world knows Mongolians as Tatars, many people think he was a Tatar (which is considered to be Turkic descendent tribe). I have some explanations for this misconceptions.

Those who claim that Chingis khaan is Turkic not Mongolian, haven't even read SHM, the only history book about Chingis khaan and his ancestors written by Mongols. Because the only copy of this book (written in the Mongolian language) is found in China and is not available elsewhere in the world.

First of all, Tatars are not Chingis Khaan's native people. Actually, they were the biggest enemy of Chingis Khaan. Many historians believe the Tatar tribe was a somewhat Turkic tribe (even though there's no fact relating Turks and Tatars are found in SHM). Chingis Khaan is the son of Yesukhei baatar (baatar means hero in Mongolian) the leader of Khiad tribe. Just because his oldest son was born right after he killed the leader of Tatar tribe -- Temujin-Uge -- he named his oldest son Temujin.

That's why many people who haven't read this book argue that Chingis Khaan was turkic because his name is Turkic. In fact, his father gave him that name just because he killed a man who had a Turkic name.

The son of Temujin-uge later gave Yesukhei baatar a poisonous drink and killed him. From that moment, Tatars became the biggest enemies of Temujin. At that time, Temujin was a little child. The boy who killed Temujin's father was not even taller than a wheel on a cart. After he conquered the Tatars, he killed all men and women taller than the wheel on a cart.

In addition, Mongols are known as Tatars in the western world. That's the reason why many people around the world think Chingis is Tatar. Chingis khaan hated Tatars until the day he died and wanted every Tatar (who were kids shorter than the wheel on a cart at the time Chingis conquered their tribe) to be in the front line of all the fights. The front line of the war was the most dangerous place for soldiers at that time and many of them never came back.

Some part of Great Mongolian empire was Turkic, as many people assume, but neither Chingis Khaan nor his Khiad tribe people were.

anon288311
Post 9

Firstly you should know the truth about the meaning of the names "Mongol" and "Tatar" in the medieval Eurasia:

the name "Mongol" until the 17th-18th centuries meant belonging to a political community, and was not the ethnic name. While “the name "Tatars" was “the name of the native nation of Chingiz-Khan…” , “… Genghis Khan and his people did not speak the language, which we now call the "Mongolian…" (Russian academic-orientalist V.P.Vasiliev, 19th century).

Also it must be said: now very few people know that Genghis Khan is a Turk. Tatars of Chingiz-Khan - medieval Tatars - were one of the Turkic nations, whose descendants now live in many of the fraternal Turkic peoples of Eurasia - among the Kazakhs, Bashkirs, Tatars, Uighurs, and many others.

And few people know, that the ethnos of medieval Tatars, which stopped the expansion of the Persians and the Chinese to the West of the World in Medieval centuries, is still alive. Despite the politicians of the tsars Romanovs and Bolsheviks had divided and scattered this ethnos to different nations...

Everything above mentioned is written, in detail and proved, in the book "Forgotten Heritage of Tatars" (by Galy Yenikeyev). This E-book you can easily find in the Interet, on Smashwords company website.

SilentBlue
Post 7

It is interesting to note how the Tatars migrated from east of the Mongols all the way to western Russia, where many of them live today. They drove many other tribes toward the Slavic region of original Russia with them, becoming a ruling class in Russia before the advent of the Tsars.

Qohe1et
Post 6

@FitzMaurice

The Hazara tribe of central Afghanistan claims to be descended from Genghis Khan, and many of them bear the common central Asian surname "Khan," which means king, and may indicate a descent from him. Today, the Hazara speak a Persian language, but their features and cultural traditions are very Mongolian.

FitzMaurice
Post 5

Temujin reigned in a diverse and ancient melting pot of central asia. To this day, the tribes of central asia are a mixture of Mongolians, Turks, other nomadic Altaic tribes, Indo-Europeans such as the Persians, Chinese, Arabs, and many more. The stans are still a hotbed of regional contention much as they have always been, and there is considerable racism, regardless of how mixed everyone is. Tribal and cultural differences are used as an excuse for violence.

hangugeo112
Post 4

Genghis Khan was an efficient conqueror, but like many nomadic conquering tribes such as the Turks and Mongols, his empire came to be dominated by many inefficient tyrants. What he accomplished with ferocity, his successors and vassals failed to accomplish with consistency, and his empire was eventually split up piecemeal, much like the tale of Alexander the Great.

anon134166
Post 3

This helped me on a project! Thanks!

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