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What Should I Know About Finland?

Salmon is popular in Finnish cuisine.
Loimulohi is a way to cook salmon fillets Finland.
Finland produces barley.
Olympic runner Paavo Nurmi, from Finland, won 12 medals.
Sugar beets are one of Finland's top agricultural products.
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  • Written By: Mary Elizabeth
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 16 October 2014
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Finland is a country in Northern Europe. One third of Finland, the portion known as Lapland, is north of the Arctic Circle. Finland border the two Scandinavian countries of Sweden and Norway and Russia, and on the southern portion is bordered by the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland, and the Baltic Sea. The capital is Helsinki.

Officially called the Republic of Finland, the country is home to about 5.4 million people. Finnish and Swedish are both official languages of Finland, but Finnish is spoken by 92 percent of the population and Swedish by only 5.6 percent. A few minority populations speak other languages.

Famous Finns include:

Finland is dependent on manufacturing, which forms the prime sector of its industry. Its agricultural products include barley and wheat, sugar beets, potatoes, dairy, cattle, and fish, while its industrial output includes work with metal, electronics, machinery, and timber related industry such as shipbuilding, pulp, and paper production.

Finnish cuisine includes local meats such as bear, elk, and reindeer, as well as seafood, such as pickled herring, and freshwater delicacies, such as salmon and crayfish. A meal called voileipäpöytä, Americans might recognize by the name smorgasbord. Regional berries, including lingonberries, brambleberies, and cloudberries are also used.

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