Category: 

What is Vajrayana Buddhism?

The teachings of Siddharta Gautama Buddha are embraced by Vajrayana Buddhism.
Article Details
  • Written By: Karyn Maier
  • Edited By: Jay Garcia
  • Last Modified Date: 30 September 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2014
    Conjecture Corporation
  • Print this Article
Free Widgets for your Site/Blog
Shrek was the first movie to win an Oscar for best animated feature film.  more...

November 1 ,  1952 :  The US exploded the world's first hydrogen bomb.  more...

Vajrayana Buddhism is a spiritual and life philosophy that embraces the teachings of Siddharta Gautama Buddha. However, its emergence in the 8th century is often credited to Padmasambhava, the Indian tantric master also known as the second Buddha. This type of Buddhism is closely associated with the Mahayana and Theravada schools of Buddhism, although there are some differences in practice between them. Vajrayana Buddhism is also considered to be the third yana of Buddhism, the Sanskrit word that translates to mean ‘vehicle.’ Specifically, the path leading to the birth of the Vajrayana tradition is believed to have stemmed from the third turning of the ‘wheel of dharma,’ a series of Buddhist teachings and oral traditions generally known as sutras.

Vajrayana Buddhism received its name from the Sanskrit word vajra, which represents the thunderbolt wielded by Indra, the god of war and weather. This word also loosely translates to mean ‘diamond,’ denoting unbreakable strength. As such, Vajrayana Buddhism is often called the Diamond Vehicle and Indestructible Path of Buddhism. It is also synonymous with various other names, including Thunderbolt Vehicle, True Words Sect, Esoteric Buddhism, Tantric Buddhism, Mantrayana, and Secret Mantra, among others.

Ad

The principles of Vajrayana Buddhism are considered to be the closest to those practiced by Buddha to achieve dharmakaya, or true enlightenment. However, Vajrayanists maintain that Buddha did not share many of these principles since he considered them too esoteric for the non-initiated. Like other Buddhist teachings, Vajrayana is based on tantric doctrine (tantras), which may be accessed by practicing various sadhanas. A sadhana may consist of yoga, meditation, controlled breathing (Pranayama), and the repetition of specialized prayers known as mantras.

Unlike some Buddhist teachings, the path of Vajrayana Buddhism does not dictate that the practitioner should strive to reach Nirvana, a process believed to take many lifetimes. In alliance with the bodhisattvas of Mahayana, the Vajrayana practitioner should seek perfect enlightenment but be willing to reincarnate to assist others on the worldly plane to achieve the same. The belief that the Vajrayana practitioner may attain pure enlightenment in a single lifetime also differs from other teachings. In fact, this is why this type of Buddhism is sometimes referred to as the Short Path.

Progression on the Vajrayana path is achieved by the transmission of knowledge and wisdom from master to student, sometimes via transcendence of the mindstream. This relationship is viewed as a commitment to forge a lineage of tantric masters. In fact, Vajrayana Buddhism is considered the longest surviving school of Tibetan Buddhism. In the spirit of vajra, its teachings have been passed down by a lineage of teachers that have remained unbroken for thousands of years.

Ad

More from Wisegeek

You might also Like

Discuss this Article

anon956893
Post 3

I really believe in Tibetan Buddhism. Since I've been wearing the pendant, I became very lucky and happy. The above has a lot of knowledge of Buddhism, there are also many items of Buddhism that are very magical and are instructive.

Tufenkian925
Post 2

@JavaGhoul

The book of Ezekiel also mentions various theriomorphic angels with wheels around them, moving as they move. I used to think this would look something like the movement of a car, but now I realize that the wheels represent something like halos, which are sun-imagery.

JavaGhoul
Post 1

The wheel of buddhism is called the Dharmacakra, and is represented by a a chariot wheel with eight spokes. In the center is an image like a Yin Yang, but with three elements instead of just two. This symbol is pointed out by Jung in his Psychology of the Unconscious, and is said to represent various entities such as masculinity, the sun, innovation, and order. In some traditions, the imagery goes so far as to indicate that each spoke is phallic, drawing attention to the concept of life-giving, birth, and rebirth.

Post your comments

Post Anonymously

Login

username
password
forgot password?

Register

username
password
confirm
email