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Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder, or ADHD, is a behavioral and neurological condition that can be extremely disruptive to both the patient and his or her family. Typically found in school-age children, ADHD is a potentially serious issue that often requires careful planning and therapy to manage. ADHD behavior is often difficult to classify, particularly as it is easily confused with normal high-spirited activity in children. Some symptoms clearly progress beyond simple high energy, and should be carefully considered if they become frequent or habitual issues.
Typical ADHD behavior is characterized by several groups of problems or symptoms. Inattention and hyperactivity are two major categories that may manifest themselves in different ways. Symptoms common with inattention include the appearance that a person is not listening, an inability to follow directions or retain instructions, and chronic forgetfulness. This is also associated with hyper-focused behavior, in which a person becomes so concentrated on one thing that may not hear, see, or notice other things around them.
Hyperactive ADHD behavior is very common in cases concerning children. Excessive fidgeting, problems carrying on coherent conversations, and difficulty sitting for long periods can all be symptoms associated with ADHD. Hyperactivity is often easily discernible while listening to a person speak; a child or adult with ADHD may speak in long monologues, but jump from topic to topic illogically or at great speed. It is also common ADHD behavior to be unable to listen to another person in a conversation or allow others to complete sentences before talking.
For anyone who has ever spent any time around children, many of the symptoms may seem synonymous with normal kid behavior. ADHD can be quite frustrating for patients, however, as many wish to have the ability to focus or pay attention and cannot. ADHD behavior can also be alienating to peers and teachers, causing a child suffering from the condition to feel isolated, stupid, or unpopular.
Evaluation for ADHD is usually done by a trained mental health professional using a variety of techniques to discern the nature of the issue. A therapist may conduct a series of tests or challenges in order to observe the patient's responses and identify telling signs of behavioral conditions. Once the professional has gained insight into the issues, varying courses of treatment may be recommended to help the patient and his or her family deal with any symptoms.
In many cases, behavioral modification techniques can be greatly beneficial to people displaying ADHD behavior. Giving a patient stress-relieving activities that can alleviate anxiety, hyperactive impulses, and excess energy can greatly help them remain calm and focused. Ongoing therapy is often prescribed to help the patient deal with continuing issues as well as keep an eye on any new developing problems.
In more severe cases, drug therapy can be recommended to help deal with ADHD behavior. This can be very controversial, particularly in cases that revolve around young children. Some experts believe that ADHD is a blanket diagnosis for many subtle problems and can lead to over-medication and severe mental and physiological issues later in life. Others believe that careful monitoring and low doses of medication can be an effective treatment for severe cases of ADHD, and may be the only way to correctly balance brain chemistry.