Acute respiratory distress syndrome or ARDS is a life threatening reaction in adults to injury or infection to the lungs. Pneumonia may be a result or a cause of ARDS. Pneumonia is present in a majority of cases of ARDS.
There is a possibility that limiting tidal volume to patients with ARDS may be beneficial.
Mechanical ventilation is generally needed in serious cases of ARDS and is used while the underlying cause is fixed.
Using mechanical ventilation may unfortunately lead to ARDS in some cases.