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What Is the War on Drugs?

Law enforcement officers are cracking down on both drug users and dealers.
President Nixon was the first to use the phrase, "war on drugs."
Drug abuse of prescription medications are on the rise.
Much of the world's heroin comes from Afghanistan.
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  • Written By: N. Swensson
  • Edited By: M. Scarbrough
  • Images By: Jedi-Master, Tommy Japan, Feng Yu, Richard Villalon
  • Last Modified Date: 02 July 2014
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The war on drugs refers to the efforts of the United States government to eliminate drug use by creating stringent drug laws while also providing aid to countries where illegal drugs are produced. The term was originally used by US President Richard Nixon, who began an anti-drug campaign in the early 1970s in response to reports of increased drug use and related violence in the country. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, the government's efforts were primarily focused on eradicating a major supplier of cocaine in Columbia — the Medellin cartel. Beginning in the late 1980s, the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) has expanded its efforts in other countries including Mexico and most recently Afghanistan, where a large quantity of the world's heroin is produced. Although it has sparked a variety of anti-drug education programs, the war on drugs has been criticized as ineffective.

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The DEA's activities in Columbia, Panama, and other neighboring countries has focused on capturing and prosecuting leaders of the Medellin cartel, which is responsible for the majority of cocaine production and transport in the region. The DEA has also attempted to gain support for its efforts by signing treaties and providing military assistance for political leaders of these countries who agreed to help. While these campaigns have led to the capture and prosecution of some prominent cartel leaders, they have not completely stopped drugs from entering the United States. Over time, some of the cocaine production has moved to Mexico and the drug is increasingly transported across that border into the US.

The war on drugs has given rise to a number of well known anti-drug campaigns in the United States. One of the most well-known campaigns was started in the 1980s by First Lady Nancy Reagan, called "Just Say No." It focused on school children and encouraged them to say "no" to anyone who offered them drugs. Later that same decade, President George H.W. Bush appointed the country's first drug czar, who was tasked with creating programs to portray drug use as unpopular and socially unacceptable.

Over the years, the war on drugs has expanded its focus to more countries and different types of drugs. Financial funding for the various initiatives has increased. Despite this growth, some criticize the United States for failing to efficiently decrease drug abuse given the amount of funding directed towards doing just that. Drug abuse of prescription drugs, for example, has increased. On the other hand, several US governmental bodies, like the US Department of Health and Human Services and the National Criminal Justice Reference Service, have reported a reduction in the number of people over the age of 12 that abuse illicit drugs since the 1970s. They report that over 20 million Americans are estimated to abuse drugs.

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Discuss this Article

mobilian33
Post 3

I think the whole war on drugs is a joke. If it worked then that would be different. All it seems to do is create more violence and maybe changes the way drug dealers do business, but they continue to do business.

In the U.S., the war on drugs has changed focus from the Colombian drug war to the Mexican drug war. The players have changed, but the game is the same and as strong as ever.

I say let's legalize drugs and go from there. We will still have to enact laws to regulate the use of the drugs and people will break the laws, but it couldn't be worse than what we have now. Maybe we are slowly moving in that direction.

Feryll
Post 2

I am 100 percent behind a war on drugs. I'm not sure why it has to be called a war rather than simply, law enforcement doing its job, but either way I support the effort.

Drentel
Post 1

During the 80s when I was college there was a new push in the United States' war on drugs. As mentioned in the article, a drug czar was appointed and we were led to believe that this massive new initiative was going to finally do what previous Presidential administrations had been unable to do; get rid of drugs.

I think we all know how that turned out. I don't know the statistics, but I would guess illegal drug use is as popular today as it was when the so-called drug czar took office. As I see it, the whole war on drugs slogan is simply a way for politicians to try to convince us they are doing something to stop drugs.

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