Improving oral hygiene and increasing the daily intake of fruits and vegetables are among the different types of treatment for sore gums. The recommended ways in which to combat this symptom are often based on the reasons for the condition. Individuals who do not experience relief after attempting to treat their gums at home for a week should visit a dentist. Sore gums are occasionally caused by abscesses deep in the root of a tooth which can only be removed by a professional.
Canker sores and mouth ulcers are two common reasons for this condition, both of which are frequently connected to poor oral hygiene. These are open abscesses in the mouth in which bacteria has been allowed to grow and flourish, damaging the healthy gum tissue around the source of the infection. A daily oral hygiene regimen should include flossing between individual teeth and brushing with a fluoridated toothpaste using a well-maintained toothbrush. These activities should be performed twice a day, and can be repeated throughout the day as recommended by a dentist. Over brushing and brushing too hard with a stiff toothbrush should also be avoided as these activities can also cause sore gums by drying the mouth and removing beneficial enamel.
Individuals with moderate to severe mouth sores can also benefit by using an antiseptic mouth wash as a treatment for sore gums. This type of wash is designed to kill all bacteria present in the mouth, and can reach areas between teeth and at the back of the mouth that may be missed during brushing. Some dentists may prescribe a salt water wash or a hydrogen peroxide rinse which can be prepared at home to serve as an antiseptic. These rinses are natural, gentle, and capable of sterilizing the mouth without causing additional dry mouth or soreness.
Sore gums may also be the result of a deeply rooted tooth infection, pregnancy, or a vitamin deficiency. When an increase in daily oral care and antiseptic washing does not remedy the problem within a week, sufferers should visit their dentists for a different treatment for sore gums. Some abscesses can occur in the small gaps that exist between the tooth and gums and can work down into the root of a tooth, forming a compact ball of infection. This type of abscess may only be visible on dental x-rays, and requires professional drainage and a course of antibiotics to fight the formation of any new infections.
Pregnancy also often results in sore gums. Expectant mothers experience a surge in blood quantity through the body, which can increase sensitivity and bleeding in the mouth. These women can benefit by brushing with a soft or extra soft toothbrush, and using children's toothpaste, which is typically more gentle on the mouth and gums than adult versions.
Individuals lacking a sufficient amount of vitamins in their daily diet may require a treatment for sore gums. This vitamin deficiency, most notably a lack of vitamin C, is also known as scurvy. Early symptoms usually include a tenderness and bleeding of the gums. When possible, individuals who believe they may be experiencing early signs of scurvy should immediately boost the amount of fruits and vegetables they consume. Those who are at risk for this disease, due to varying socioeconomic and local food availability factors, can improve their condition by adding a vitamin C supplement once or twice daily to their diets.