Ninety percent of cancer in the head and neck area is squamous cell carcinoma. These epithelial cell cancers happen in the upper layer of the skin or the epidermis. These cells have a higher density of cells. These types of cells are the outer protective layers that line the nose, neck, throat, lips, lungs, the lining of the digestive tract and various other parts of the body not located on the head.
This type of carcinoma is a type of cancer arising from uncontrolled production of tissue cells. The doctor may want to get a sample of this area to look at called a biopsy. It can usually be diagnosed under a microscope by a doctor. Tests can sometimes be done at the time of the removal.
Often if the cancer is caught at an early stage the tissue can be removed thoroughly. There may be treatment with radiation if that is the best route for your doctor to take. A mixture of radiation and surgery is sometimes applied.
The actual prognosis of each case is different. There are a number of ways this cancer can start and a number of different ways these cancers work.