@Charred - The adaptability of the brain reminds me of the philosophical question, how do we actually learn?
In my computer science class we discussed the idea of computer programs that could learn, or teach themselves from past experiences so to speak.
I see an analogue to this in the brain’s ability to reroute instructions to different parts of the brain when other parts are injured. The brain knows how to learn, in this sense, in my opinion. To me this is the essence of consciousness.