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What is the Difference Between Slavonia, Slovakia and Slovenia?

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  • Last Modified Date: 29 March 2014
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Outside of Europe, there seems to be some confusion about the many nations and regions within the continent. The breakup of the former Yugoslavia along with the separation of the former Czechoslovakia, has yielded three similarly named, but very different entities.

Slavonia is a region in eastern Croatia (which is one of the states that made up the former Yugoslavia). The region includes two primary rivers, namely the Drava and the Sava. It is a fertile agricultural area that is home to about 750,000 people. The biggest cities are Osijek and Slavonski Brod.

Slovakia is a small country in Eastern Europe. The capital is Bratislava, and the population is about 5.5 million. The relatively new nation began its statehood when Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993. Slovakia is bordered by Austria on the west, the Czech Republic and Poland on the north, Ukraine on the east, and Hungary on the south.

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Slovenia is a small country that was formerly a part of Yugoslavia. Slovenia has a population of about 2 million and the capital is Ljubljana. The country is bordered by Italy on the west, Austria on the north, Hungary on the east and Croatia on the south. Slovenia is also a relatively new nation; it declared its independence from Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991.

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Discuss this Article

anon928718
Post 23

Haha, Slovenia and Croatia are not "new" nations. They have existed for a thousand years. What they have been though is part of different unions and federation. Example, Austria or Yugoslavia.

anon343470
Post 22

All three territories are leftovers of a once great Europe's native population called Sloveni (Sclaveni, Sclavani, Sclavini, Sclavi, Sclabeni, Sclabenoi, Slavi, Schiavoni, etc).

Even today Slovenians and Slovakians speak almoast the same language and the name Slavonia is from an older name Sclavonia/Slovenje/Slovinje/Slovenjeh which came from the inhabitants Slovenes.

Today only Slovenia (Republika Slovenija) and Slovakia (Slovensk√° republika) carry on the name Sloveni in their state name.

anon336754
Post 21

It's really annoying when someone confuses your country.

I said, "I'm from Slovakia."

And my friend from America said, You mean like Czechoslovenia?"

Just -- facepalm.

I mean, if someone confused Slovakia and Slovenia, I'd understand it, but please... Czechoslovenia? Really?

anon258052
Post 20

I don't agree. The Slovak language and Czech language are very similar, but I don't understand Polish or the Slovenian language.

It's true that the Slovak nation is not a new one. It is very, very old, older than the Hungarian. Slovaks came to central Europe earlier.

anon213413
Post 19

I'm from Serbia and I can say that I can understand about 40 percent of Slovenian language. On the other hand, I find that Slovakian is not as understandable. I can understand a few words only.

anon203438
Post 18

Yeah right, do Slovakians understand Slovenians. I speak Slovakian, Czech, Serbian, Russian and still you can't always make the Slovanian because its so heavily germanized and in general a not so understandable version of Serbo-Croatian. If you have no knowledge of the South Slavic languages, you don't understand a thing. Not more than a Spanish and an Italian person.

anon201385
Post 17

queen jadwiga and the poles ruled this area before hapsburgs moved east from ferdinand and isabel

in the 1400's. what languages did they speak while

under polish-lith-hungarian clan rule?

anon152445
Post 16

Slovakian and Slovenian language is similar

slovakian well as understand Slovenian, because many words are similar in Slovenian, dialects in Slovakian or Czech language.

anon146584
Post 15

Slavic people settled in Europe between the fifth and seventh centuries. They came from a land between the Carpathian mountain range and the Baltic sea. All descendants of the Slavic people have a similar language (some words have the same meaning).

The Slovenian language is similar to Slovak language, as it is to Russian language or any other of the Slavic people, but i can't imagine they would understand each other because of the many differences (I am Slovenian, so i know what I'm talking about).

Nations began forming when they arrived here, but changed over the hundreds of years.

I think it is fair to say that slovenia, slovakia and the czech republic are new countries, but the nations are much, much older (Slovenian nation had it's own language in the 19th century and so did the Slovakian nation).

And to answer to post 9, in the 1910s, both countries were under the rule of the Austria-Hungary empire, but the term slovenian was used for the same people who now live in Slovenia.

anon137810
Post 14

Many slavic tribes were already populating the eastern Europe in time of ancient romans, according to the roman historian Pliny the elder.

anon126558
Post 13

Wow the "hungarian-australian kingdom", that must have been huge! Spanning half the globe.

anon114986
Post 12

@anon60683: It's Slovenian.

anon60683
Post 10

slovakian nation is from large slavic family. the first of slavic tribes was in europe in fifth century. The first invasions of Magyars from Asia was in the 9th century.

anon56596
Post 9

Question, if one persons nationality is referred to as Slovenian on Ethnicity/Nationality on passenger papers to immigration during the 1910's, would that person be considered Czechoslovakian? I am just trying to understand. Thanks

anon48192
Post 8

In 884 Cyril and Metod created first Czechoslovakian language-or what was the base for it. just because slovakian people were under hungarian-austrian kingdom, doesn't mean they came "later."

anon15020
Post 7

Anon15015 -- the Magyars entered the Carpathian Basin in 895. The Slovaks came much later.

stare31
Post 6

The term "nation" has multiple meanings including a group of people within an ethnic family, speaking the same language, and, *more commonly*, a group of people within a particular territory with its own government.

And, when did Eastern Europe become such a bad term? My family is from Slovakia, and when people don't know where it is, I say it's in Eastern Europe. The term "Central Europe" didn't really exist anyway until the end of the Cold War. Even after that time, there is dispute as to what countries are part of Central versus Eastern Europe. Plus, there's Northern, Southern, and Southeastern Europe. Who cares about these minor distinctions anyway?

anon15015
Post 5

Slovakia is *not* in eastern Europe. And if the state of Slovaks is new, it doesn't mean that nation is new. Slovaks have been living in central Europe for many centuries.

anon3939
Post 3

Even though Slovak and Slovenian languages are different, they sound very similar and a long time ago they were probably one language, as both nations call their own language "slovenski" (slovenian) or "slovensky" (slovak).

anon3938
Post 2

The Slovak nation is not a new one. It is very, very old, older than than the Hungarian nation because Slovaks were in Slovakia and Hungary earlier than Hungarians who assimilated with the Slovaks living in Hungary.

anon117
Post 1

All three, Slavonia, Slovakia, and Slovenia are inhabited by Slavic people, but all three have different languages.

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