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What Is the Difference between Muscle Fatigue and Weakness?

The human muscular system.
Temporary fatigue is common during strenuous exercise.
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  • Written By: Brandon May
  • Edited By: Heather Bailey
  • Last Modified Date: 30 September 2014
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Often, the difference between muscle fatigue and weakness involves overusing a particular muscle group or a disease or infection that involves the muscles. Fatigue and weakness both bring the same symptoms, so self-diagnosing and differentiating between the two can become difficult. During strenuous exercise, muscles can become fatigued for a short time, but this is usually only a temporary side effect. Weakness in the muscle groups that lasts for a longer amount of time can sometimes signify muscle disease, or at the very least a weakness that stems from improper use of the muscle group.

When an individual participates in a strenuous exercise program that exhausts particular muscle groups, like in strength or resistance training, muscle fatigue and weakness can occur simultaneously. In individuals who exercise regularly, fatigue often lasts only for a short amount of time and long-term muscle weakness is rare. Both might last for a longer period in individuals who improperly use muscle groups during exercise, and these side effects are often treated with adequate rest. It is often advised that an individual, regardless of the level of fitness, should not exercise the same muscle group every day.

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Chronic muscle fatigue syndrome may also be a culprit in the link between the two, as this fatigue lasts for longer periods of time and is not relieved by rest alone. Fibromyalgia is a condition that includes severe muscle fatigue over time, and often results in weakness in many different parts of the body. Muscle weakness, rather than fatigue, usually involves temporary or long-term loss of function of a particular muscle group due to a disease or infection. If muscle weakness extends for a long time, an individual should seek medical attention, as this may be the symptom of a spinal cord injury or heart attack.

The differences in treatment between muscle fatigue and weakness vary greatly, but can also be related depending on the condition that brings on these symptoms. Usually, fatigue can be treated with adequate rest of the muscles, along with a healthy diet and a gentle exercise program. Muscle weakness, on the other hand, can also be treated with rest, or if more severe or chronic, then gentle exercise and prescription medications may be advised, especially if the condition is brought on by a thyroid or hormonal disorder. Both of these conditions can often signal that a muscle disease, in response to a virus or infection, is attacking the muscles, making symptoms that continue for more than a few days important to address.

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whiteplane
Post 2

What are the most common causes of fatigue in the muscles? I feel like this is something I struggle with a lot. I can lift a ton when I want, but I can't go for a long time. I moved recently and I was just exhausted. I would like to reverse the trend but I am not sure how.

disciples
Post 1

This is not scientific but I will tell you how I interpret the question. Weakness is when a muscle is not strong. The muscle can simply not pick up a lot of weight.

Fatigue is when the muscle does not have a lot of endurance. It may be able to lift a massive amount, but it gets tired easily.

Both are important. Think about pushups. I have seen huge body builders that could not do 20 pushups because there muscles fatigued so easily. On the flip side, I have seen cross country runners who could use their legs for miles but not squat 200 pounds. You have to train for both.

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