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What is the Difference Between a Blood Blister and a Water Blister?

Antibiotic ointment should be used to prevent infections from blisters.
Swinging a tennis racquet can lead to a water blister.
A water blister caused by friction.
Many runners get blood blisters on their toes and feet.
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  • Written By: Ron Marr
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 15 March 2014
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One the one hand, the differences between blood blisters and water blisters can be determined by the manner in which they occur and the fluids with which they are filled. On the other hand, the two actually hold more similarities than they do differences. Perhaps the greatest connection between these blisters is that they can be painful, and that they usually appear at the least desirable moment.

A water blister, at least in most cases, is caused by simple friction. Your shoes might be too tight, and the rubbing of leather against toe causes a blister. The same theory applies to almost any repetitive motion where skin meets a foreign object. Too much time spent raking, shoveling, or swinging a baseball bat or tennis racket can lead to a water blister. These blisters can also be a result of sunburn, excessive heat, allergies, or viruses such as chicken pox, shingles, or herpes.

In the case of water blisters caused by friction, the external layer of skin is damaged. However, a water blister is not filled with water. The clear fluid is in fact blood serum, the substance that remains when blood no longer contains clotting agents or red blood cells. The serum collects under the damaged skin in order to both protect the wound and help it heal.

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In the case of a blood blister, it is the blood vessels near the skin’s surface that have incurred damage. Injuries of this nature are generally caused by some sort of pinching action. If you should happen to hit the edge of your finger with a hammer, catch it in a car door, or bang it strongly against the edge of a table, there is a good chance you will soon notice a blood blister.

Blood blisters do not occur when the outer layer of skin has been cut. It is the vessels underneath the skin that are damaged, and since the blood from the burst vessels cannot escape, they form into a small pool or bubble. Blood blisters are minor injuries, assuming they are cared for properly and infection is not allowed to set in.

You should never pop a blood blister, or attempt to tear off the skin that covers it. Nor should any attempt be made to drain it. Simply wash the area around the blister, apply an antibiotic ointment, cover with a bandage, and allow it to heal on its own. A water blister can be pierced with a sterilized needle, to drain the fluid, and then covered with an antibiotic ointment and a bandage.

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Discuss this Article

anon230066
Post 4

I trapped my thumb in my lorry's door and now have a blood blister underneath the nail covering about 70 percent of it. Do I need to have the blood drained out from it or will it heal on its own?

Denha
Post 3

@widget2010, that happens to me too; the worst are the ones I occasionally get on the insides of my index fingers from knitting or sewing. I have had some success with the bandages designed for fingers, though sometimes you just have to try to avid friction in that area, keep it washed, and hope for the best.

widget2010
Post 2

The problem with bandaging either water or blood blisters, at least for me, is that the bandages often do not stay on, because blistered skin can be slippery. I also tend to get blisters on places that are difficult to bandage, like knuckles, palms, or the bottoms of my feet.

panda2006
Post 1

I always try to pop water blisters, mainly because I worry that they will pop on their own, which would probably be a lot more painful. While I don't usually put on antiseptic, I do wash it, and if the skin seems especially sensitive, I bandage it if I can.

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