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What Is Robotic Assembly?

Robots working on an automobile assembly line.
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  • Written By: Esther Ejim
  • Edited By: Kaci Lane Hindman
  • Last Modified Date: 29 June 2014
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Robotic assembly refers to the process of utilizing different types of robots in the production or manufacturing process in order to effectively carry out the assembly of specified items. The process requires the utilization of any number of a vast array of robotic technology, ranging from simple mechanical machines to more fully developed and complex robots. This application of robots to the assembly process also ranges from very simple tasks to more intricate ones that require more expertise and a higher level of programming. Most manufacturing companies use some form of robotic assembly somewhere in the production process. Regardless of the advancement in the robotic assembly process, some form of human input is usually required in order to ensure that procedures go according to plan.

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Companies may decide to engage in the use of robotic assembly for any number of reasons that depend on what the company is trying to achieve, a fact that is especially true for large-scale manufacturers. For some manufacturers, the use of robotic assembly during the production process might be due to the higher degree of relentless accuracy that robots have when such machines have been programmed to perform a task. For instance, a car manufacturer may have a particular robotic assembly machine created to drill fastenings in the roof of a car in order to enable the attachment of sunroofs. Such a robot will do so over and again, with the same type of preprogrammed accuracy, unless there is some sort of glitch that causes a malfunction. Another benefit of a robotic assembly can still be seen in the same car factory where some heavy tasks that would have put a strain on employees would be handled by the robots, such as the fitting of the body of the car to the chassis.

Another reason why some manufacturers might choose to use robotic assembly is due to the desire by such a party to save some money in the long run. This can be achieved through several means that include an increase in the total output or production of goods and an increase in the number of hours that the robots can continue to work. In this case, the robots will not need to go on breaks as would their human counterparts, and they would also maintain a steady rate of output for the number of hours that they may be programmed to work, unlike humans who may slow down as the day goes on.

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