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What Is Orange Jasmine?

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  • Written By: C. Mitchell
  • Edited By: John Allen
  • Last Modified Date: 29 November 2016
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Orange jasmine is a type of tropical shrub known for its fragrant flowers. The plant, which is known formally as Murraya paniculata, is native to southern China and India, but is generally very hardy and has been cultivated all over the world with great success. Despite its common name, the plant is neither orange nor a true jasmine. The “orange” designation refers to the blossoms' fruity smell. While the plant looks a lot like standard jasmines, it is actually more closely related to the citrus family than to the olive family to which most types of jasmine belong.

The shrub is essentially a South Asian version of the standard Arabic jasmine plant. Its flowers are similarly shaped, generally bearing five white petals per bloom, but according to most botanists, the orange jasmine is not really a jasmine at all. Orange jasmine is generally considered a tropical hardwood.

Most orange jasmine plants are cultivated for decorative use. Their extracts are known to have mild painkilling properties, and were once a facet of ancient Chinese medicine; they are still sometimes used for this purpose, but other plants are generally more potent. The fragrance is also sometimes distilled into perfumes. Distillation is expensive, however. More often, the delicate orange scent is chemically imitated for a fraction of the cost.

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The shrub generally does best in warm climates or indoors, but will adapt to almost all conditions and soil types. In tropical environments, the plant blooms year round. Outdoors in places with a defined winter, blossoms will generally appear only seasonally, usually in the spring and summer. Plants in all locales generally produce fruit annually.

Orange jasmine fruits emerge from the blossoms as tiny red bulbs each summer. Each bulb contains one to two seeds, depending on size. The fruits belong to the citrus family, but are generally too bitter to be palatable to humans. They are usually consumed by birds which then pass the seeds as waste. This is the primary means through which the plant reproduces.

Gardeners outside of tropical climates frequently cultivate orange jasmine indoors as a potted plant. The shrub can thrive for years in containment and generally will adapt itself to a container of any size. Trimming jasmine planted inside is often necessary to keep the plant a manageable size, but re-potting is not usually ever required.

Planting jasmine in a very small pot can lead to fragrant dwarf trees, also known as bonsai. Bonsai is an ancient Japanese art form in which plants and shrubs are grown in miniature. Orange jasmine is a bonsai favorite in part because even miniature versions carry full-sized blooms.

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SteamLouis
Post 3

@SarahGen-- I agree that this is a good plant to grow in a pot. But it doesn't seem to be very adaptive. I bought one from a nearby nursery while it was in full bloom. But after arriving home, the flowers died soon after and they haven't bloomed again although it has been nine months.

I'm not sure if I'm doing something wrong or if this plant is like this normally. I do make sure that it gets lots of sunlight and I don't over-water. The plant just isn't blooming.

SarahGen
Post 2

@burcinc-- Orange jasmine is not orange but it's a beautiful plant with beautiful flowers that sort of smell like orange flowers. I highly recommend it if you're looking for a pleasant, scented plant for your home.

Orange jasmine is not a true jasmine but that's actually a good thing because it can be grown in a pot inside the house or in the garden. It's called a jasmine simply because the flowers resemble jasmine flowers. It's not a vine so it will not grow all over the place. I think that orange jasmine is a great alternative for people who want to grow jasmine but don't have much room in the garden for it.

burcinc
Post 1

The name of this plant is truly misleading. I knew that there are true jasmines that come in colors other than white, like pink and red. So it didn't seem strange to me that there could be orange jasmine as well. I was actually very excited to hear about it and thought about adding it to my garden. But it turns out that orange jasmine is white!

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