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Lipotropin is a polypeptide hormone produced by the pituitary gland. This hormone stimulates fat burning and is present at the release of endorphins. Lipotropin supplements are in a class of growth hormones that may be taken to increase muscle mass and decrease body fat.
Human growth hormones (hGH) are responsible for optimizing the performance of glands and organs. As people age, hGH depletes. Lipotropin stimulates hGH and thus slows the aging process.
Lipotropin is offered in liquid form to be sprayed under the tongue for immediate, effective absorption into the bloodstream. It is usually recommended that the spray be used morning and night. Supplements are also offered in capsule form. Anti-aging properties of lipotropin are said to include fat loss, boosted energy levels, enhanced immune system, and wrinkle reduction.
Lipotropin is often combined with other body-building supplements such as mucopolysaccharides complex, a vitamin used to improve joint health. Ascorbic acid, or vitamin C may be added to enhance the immune system. Niacin helps control cholesterol levels and metabolizing fat. Vitamin E, or d-alpha tocopheryl, may also be added to protect cells from damaging free radicals.
While lipotropin use may have benefits for bodybuilders, there are plenty of risks associated with taking it. In the US, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation is not enforced in the vitamin market. Manufacturers are supposed to act responsibly and be forthcoming about the risks associated with their products, but that is not always the case. Manufacturers are not held to the same standards as pharmaceutical companies so there may be little or no clinical, scientific evidence supporting their claims.
The FDA requires dietary supplement manufacturers to provide clear information on product labels. This includes facts about what is contained in each "serving," and a list of inactive ingredients or fillers. The responsibility is on the manufacturer to monitor and maintain appropriate practices when producing these substances.
It is important to remember that there is currently no "miracle" spray or capsule that can make people quickly lose weight, gain muscle mass, lose wrinkles, and never get sick. While the science of aging is continually advancing, living a healthy life is still the best way to increase one's chances of living a long, productive life. Anyone who wants to get in shape and feel and look younger, should eat right, exercise, and follow a healthy lifestyle.
The Essendon Football Club, who are an Australian Rules Football team, is under investigation for their alleged use of lipotropin. The club is under investigation for allegedly administering lipotropin, under its alternate name AOD-9604, to their players in the 2012 season.