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Most people that understand building services are familiar with the term HVAC, which stands for heating, venting, and air conditioning. HVAC management began in the second century and was used in Roman cities where it was referred to as hypocaust. Eventually, HVAC management became more prominent and started to play an integral role during the industrial revolution as large factories begin to use HVAC systems.
HVAC controls the climate in commercial buildings and other facilities. Although HVAC is commonly referred to as climate control, that term has shifted to energy management. HVAC management involves the regulation of heating systems, radiators, chimneys, ventilators, air conditioners, humidifiers, dehumidifiers, and air filters.
In most countries, every building must be operated in a safe and efficient way. This involves keeping the environment comfortable and ensuring that people are breathing clean and ventilated air. To keep things regulated and maintain an energy efficient environment, most buildings have an HVAC management department. HVAC management covers the installation, repair, maintenance, and even the construction of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems.
HVAC managers must have an in-depth knowledge of electrical and mechanical equipment used in buildings. They must be mechanically inclined and understand the different electrical components that affect heating, air conditioning, and ventilation. The two core components of HVAC management is the regulation of temperature and humidity. Depending on the building size, an HVAC system can be a small system that has simple installation or a bigger system. Large commercial buildings require more complex HVAC systems that must be specifically designed by mechanical engineers and usually require entire rooms for proper storage of the system.
HVAC management also plays a vital role in maintaining air quality. An HVAC system removes odors, dust, bacteria, and excess moisture from the ventilation system. Proper HVAC management regulates the flow of the air and regulates microbiological elements that could effect people's health. This is important because indoor air quality can affect everyone and poor air quality results in poor health.
HVAC systems are not just used in commercial buildings. They are also used in residential homes. In this case, the HVAC system is significantly smaller and able to regulate the temperature and humidity in the home through the owner's monitoring. Over the years, HVAC installation and equipment has made substantial strides. Today commercial buildings and residential homes use systems that are more energy efficient and environmentally safe.