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What is Frenched Food?

The julienne cut is a type of frenching of food.
French fried potatoes.
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  • Written By: Mary McMahon
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 01 September 2014
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Frenched food is food which has been cut in a particular way. The term is used in two different senses, depending on the context. In both cases, the food is cut with a specific cooking technique in mind. The frenching ensures that the food cooks evenly while also looking attractive when it is presented. The intended meaning is also usually clear when one sees the food in question.

In the first sense, frenching refers to cutting food into long, thin strips. This technique is also called a julienne cut. Two classic examples of this type of frenched food include fries and frenched green beans. In both of these instances, the vegetables in question are cut into even sizes, which promotes even cooking and ensures that the food will have optimal flavor. French-fried potatoes are a particular popular food around the world because of their evenly cooked nature, and other frenched foods can look quite attractive on the plate as a garnish.

When a piece of bone-in meat is trimmed to expose the bone, it is also said to have been frenched. Frenching is often used on roasts and chops for aesthetic reasons. Typically, meat will be frenched by a butcher, although it can also be done at home. A common example of this type of frenched food is a crown roast, which is distinguished by a protruding “crown” of bones. Meats can also be frenched in the other sense, cut into long thin strips for cooking.

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Frenching of the first type can be done at home, but many cooks prefer to use a mandoline or julienne slicer. Using kitchen tools like these ensures that the cuts are even and perfect. This can be very important when presenting food at a formal event, and it also ensures that the food cooks properly. In the second instance, frenching is done with a sharp knife, although the type of knife varies depending on the cut. It does require skill, however, as the meat needs to be trimmed neatly and efficiently from the bone.

The precise link between French culture and frenched food is somewhat unclear. Historical usage of the term seems to indicate that it was first used in the second sense, to describe a particular way to cut meat. After pommes frites became more popularly known around the world as “French fries,” the term appears to have been adopted to describe a julienne cut. This may be because people began to associate long thin strips of vegetables with French fries.

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anon131751
Post 3

A frenched rack of lamb, is a rack of (whole) rack of lamb where the individual bones have been cleaned to the base of where the meat meets the bone. Otherwise is referred to as "un-frenched", or just a rack.

alex94
Post 2

@momothree: Yes, it is the same concept as “frenching” other foods. It basically involves removing fat and cartilage from between the rib bones so that the bones are exposed. Many butchers will french it for you.

However, if you are an adventurous chef, you can do it at home. You need a very sharp knife. There are many videos on the internet that actually show a step-by-step technique. I’ve never done it myself but I have had the pleasure of eating it. It is a very eye-catching dish.

momothree
Post 1

Does anyone know what a frenched rack of lamb is? Is that a process of cutting as well?

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