What is Flora and Fauna?

Forests often exhibit a broad diversity of flora and fauna.
Terrariums are commonly used to hold flora that thrives in dry habitats.
Fauna may refer to the wildlife of a certain environment.
Article Details
  • Written By: J. Beam
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 21 November 2015
  • Copyright Protected:
    Conjecture Corporation
  • Print this Article
Free Widgets for your Site/Blog
Hannibal lost all but one of his elephants crossing the Alps; most likely it was his sole Asian elephant that survived.  more...

November 25 ,  1947 :  The "Hollywood 10" were blacklisted by US movi  more...

Flora and fauna refer to plant and wildlife, respectively. The term is often used to refer to the indigenous plant and wildlife of a geographical region. Both are collective terms, referring to groups of plant or wildlife specific to a region or a time period. For example, the flora and fauna of a warm region may consist of tropical to warm-temperate vegetation and exotic species of birds.

By definition, flora is a word of Latin origin referring to Flora, the goddess of flowers. The term can refer to a group of plants or to bacteria. Flora is the root of the word floral, which means pertaining to flowers. Fauna can refer to the animal life or classification of animals of a certain region, time period, or environment. The term is also of Latin origin, and in Roman mythology, Fauna was the sister of Faunus, a good spirit of the forest and plains.

The flora and fauna of any given region are usually explained in biological terms to include the genus and species of plant and animal life, their preferred growing or breeding habits, and their connection to one another in the environment as well. In addition to geographical groupings, environment also helps further their classification. For example, aquatic flora and fauna of a region refers to the plant and animal life found in the waters in or surrounding a geographic region.


Biologists and environmentalists study the plants and animals of a region for a number of reasons. Preservation and conservation are main reasons why they are important to researchers, as their ability to teach scientists new things about biology. Several organizations, including Fauna and Flora International (FFI), work together to use their research and findings to further policy on conservation and preservation as well as biodiversity.


You might also Like


Discuss this Article

Post 100

I had a confusion with flora and fauna but now it is solved. I love this site. In fact, whenever I have any problem with some question in my mind, I always refer to this site on the internet and always get a perfect answer.

Post 89

Thanks for the information. Wikipedia showed me this when I was recently researching the geography of Australia.

Post 83

How is flora formed?

Post 82

This is a great, informative article that has just the facts and nothing asking you to buy something. This is exactly what I was looking for. It tells what it is and it includes a history of the subject I was looking up. And now, I've learned something I didn't know before!

Post 81

Do Flora and Fauna has something to do with the culture of a particular geographic region?

Post 68

Flora on the planet is diverse and beautiful. Your article is very useful, especially to people who are not in nature. Thanks to author articles and website!

Post 67

Someone tell me what conflicts arose over flora and fauna?

Post 66

I am researching these plants: celtis, harpery, horne ex baker, ulmaceae.

Post 63

With all due respect, I disagree with this author's claim that fauna can be defined as wildlife. Fauna means animals, but wildlife can include plants:

World English Dictionary: wildlife — n. Wild animals and plants collectively.

Post 56

Does flora and fauna specifically refer to "flowers and animals" or could it just mean like plants and animals?

Post 47

Floora(sic) and Fauna are mentioned in the classic Frank Zappa track Dynah-moh Hum.

Post 42

Thanks for a wonderful article.

Post 41

well it was good and appropriate info was given.

Post 36

Exactly what I was looking for. thanks, great article.

Post 35

For everybody wondering: fauna means species and flora means flowers.

Post 32

i like this!

Post 31

I'm studying flora and fauna. could you please tell me the meanings or what these words mean to you, if they are plants or species? my tutor is getting me confused. lobed, potioles, dioecious, quadrangular, pubescent.

Post 30

Great. i finally proved my dad wrong. he said both flora and fauna were plants but i got him.

Post 29

a very well classified article.

Post 28

nice article. contains good, knowledgeable material.

Post 27

That was cool. Before visiting this site for many many years I thought the words flora and fauna were somewhat referring to the environment, but still I was not satisfied from inside, and believed that there was some exact meaning of these words, until i found this while doing some research. Thank you.

Post 26

Not to be completely off topic, but aren't those the names of the conjoined twins in the Addams Family movie.

Post 25

this is a great website but i think someone got her facts wrong, she said that australia has native flora and fauna. choose two of each and then label them. What?

Post 23

This is a great website. it has given me the exact answer i have been looking for.

Post 21

brilliant. i got just what i was looking for!

Post 19

Perfect. I got the answer I was looking for.

Post 18

i thank you for this article. I've found what i was searching for.

Post 15

It's a wonderful article. i found my info. it's a cool article.

Post 14

Awesome, thanks.

Post 13

well it's really very good.

I think it's high time to wake up about our environment, and i believe that every person should understand their responsibilities for the

environment and nature because this is our mother.

She is sick now, so as a good son/daughter

we have the responsibility to make her healthy again. Goodbye and good luck to all.

Post 8

Very cool article.

Post 5

Wow I found my info. It's terrific! All that I can say is it's really good awesome and superb! I would consult my frndz 2 use wise geek. I got an A+. Thanks!! It's lovely.

Post 2

This is a great, informative article that has just the facts and nothing asking you to buy something. This is exactly what I was looking for. It tells what it is and it includes a history of the subject I was looking up. And now, I've learned something I didn't know before!

Post 1

What impacts do Tsunamis have on the ecosystems?

Post your comments

Post Anonymously


forgot password?