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What Is Esterase?

Cholinesterase inhibitors may be used to treat glaucoma and Alzheimer's disease.
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  • Written By: Shannon Kietzman
  • Edited By: Niki Foster
  • Last Modified Date: 27 December 2014
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Esterase is a type of enzyme that causes esters to split into an acid and an alcohol within the human body. When these two components are mixed with water, it is called hydrolysis.

There are several kinds of esterase. Three factors set each type apart from the others: substrate specificity, biological function, and protein structure. Some types are found in lysozomes and are called acid hydrolase. Other types of esterase include the following:

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What is the significance of pseudocholinesterase in poisoning?

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