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What Is Considered a Normal Heart Rate?

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  • Written By: Donna Johnson
  • Edited By: Nancy Fann-Im
  • Last Modified Date: 26 November 2016
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One of the simplest body functions to measure is the heart rate or pulse, which is the number of times the heart beats per minute. The normal heart rate, also called the resting rate, can be measured after the patient has rested for 10 minutes. Factors such as age, gender and fitness level come into play when determining a person's normal pulse. Typically, however, an adult should have a resting heart rate of 60 to 100 beats per minute.

The normal heart rate for fetuses is higher than that. Fetal movement can raise the heart rate temporarily. When the mother experiences contractions, the fetus may show a drop in pulse. A range of 120 to 160 beats per minute is considered a normal rate while in utero. This can indicate that the fetus is growing well and is not in distress.

During the first year of life, the normal heart rate range expands to 100 to 160 beats per minute. A slightly lower heart rate of 60 to 140 is typical in children aged one through 10 years. Deviations from the normal rate for children can be caused by anemia, fever or breathing problems.

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Beginning at approximately 11 years of age and continuing into adulthood, the normal heart rate settles at 60 to 100 beats per minute. Athletes often have pulses below this range, with anything from 40 to 60 beats per minute acceptable. If a person is not a well-trained athlete and has a heart rate in this range, however, it could indicate a serious health problem.

In the past, studies regarding heart rate mainly relied on male-only studies. Recent studies indicate however that there are variations in heart rate depending on gender. This can be of particular concern when calculating maximum heart rate. New formulas that take gender into account show that maximum heart rate for women is not the same as men. As an example of a calculation that takes gender into account, a 40 year old woman's maximum heart rate is 171. As most trainers advise calculating 65%-85% of the maximum rate for the target exercise rate, her target heart rate would range between 111-145 beats per minute. However, it is also advised for each individual to consult with a doctor before estimating target heart rates for exercise. Doctors can take into account factors in addition to gender, such as general health and weight, to advise the most ideal target heart rate for exercise. It should be noted that understanding one's exercise capacity is essential to reduce risk of heart related problems during physical activity.

Factors such as physical activity, stress and extreme heat can temporarily raise the pulse above the normal range. Excessive weight, smoking and use of certain medications can cause a long-term increase in heart rate. A long-term elevation in heart rate can be cause for concern, just as an exceptionally low heart rate may be. Patients who notice a continued or extreme change in their heart rates should consult their doctors as soon as possible to rule out health issues such as anemia, infection or inflammatory disease.

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anon995112
Post 4

Sustained aerobic exercise at the old maximum heart rates that don't take into account gender is impossible and very likely dangerous. The pulse that should be aimed for during aerobic exercise is typically far less than old calculations.

fify
Post 3

@alisha-- Your resting heart rate is perfect.

I sometimes feel like my heart rate has increased too, but it's because I suffer from anxiety. You should get a blood pressure monitor to check your pulse when worried.

turquoise
Post 2

@alisha-- Normal heart rate during exercise depends on your age. For example, I'm 30 and my target heart rate during exercise is between 90 and 140. So anything more than that can be considered high for me. If you're around my age, it sounds like your heart rate is normal.

But if you have physical issues while exercising such as difficulty breathing and chest pain, you should see a doctor. They can put you through an effort test to see how high your heart rate goes during activity.

My mom had to have this done because she has high blood pressure. Her heart rate is also normal during rest, but it goes through the roof during activity. She has to take high blood pressure medication to keep it in check.

discographer
Post 1

What's the normal heart rate for an active adult?

I have a normal resting heart rate (it's usually around 80), but when I am active (walking up stairs or jogging), I feel like my heart rate goes up a lot. I can actually hear my heart pounding. It scares me.

I took my heart rate immediately after jogging one time and I counted 150/minute. Is that normal?

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