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What is Codeine Sulphate?

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  • Written By: D. Jeffress
  • Edited By: Jenn Walker
  • Last Modified Date: 03 December 2016
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Codeine sulphate is a prescription drug commonly given to treat temporary pain caused by an injury, illness, or surgical procedure. It is classified as an opiate and is similar in structure and function to morphine. There are risks of experiencing side effects when taking codeine sulphate, but they are usually mild and outweighed by the overall benefits of the drug. As with other narcotics, it is possible to develop an addiction to codeine. It is important to follow prescription information exactly and keep in contact with a doctor during treatment to reduce the chances of negative outcomes.

Opiates such as codeine sulphate are highly effective against pain. After the drug is ingested, it is absorbed into the bloodstream and dispersed throughout the body. It alters chemical signals in the central nervous system to depress sensations of pain. When the medication is used correctly, it can significantly reduce uncomfortable symptoms during the recovery phase after an injury or surgery. Codeine is often combined with other medications, such as aspirin or acetaminophen, to enhance its pain relieving effects.

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A doctor determines the proper dosage amount of codeine sulphate to prescribe based on a patient's age and specific health condition. Most adult patients are instructed to take between 15 and 60 milligram doses every four to six hours until their symptoms improve. The medication may be used less often as pain goes away. It is essential to follow the doctor's instructions to reduce the risks of experiencing major side effects or developing a physical or psychological dependence on the drug.

Drowsiness is one of the most prominent side effects of codeine sulphate, and patients should use caution and good judgment if they plan on driving or working around dangerous machinery while taking the medication. Other temporary side effects may include dizziness, headaches, lightheadedness, nausea, and vomiting. Some people also experience constipation, stomach cramps, and difficulty urinating.

More serious reactions can occur if a person is allergic to codeine sulphate or takes more of the drug than is prescribed. An allergic reaction to the drug can induce itchy skin hives, swelling in the throat and face, and chest tightness. If an overdose occurs, an individual might experience a racing heartbeat, blurred vision, mental confusion, and possibly seizures or loss of consciousness. It is essential to seek immediate medical help if signs of an overdose or adverse reaction develop after taking codeine sulphate to prevent serious complications.

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