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What is Chronic Sinusitis?

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  • Written By: Malcolm Tatum
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 07 September 2016
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    Conjecture Corporation
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Chronic sinusitis is one of several examples of inflammation of the sinuses. With this condition, the inflammation is not recurring; instead it is constant and tends to not respond well to some of the medications and treatments that work with other forms of the condition. There are a number of factors that can contribute to the development of this type of sinusitis, making it difficult to identify one single treatment that works in all situations.

The causes for chronic sinusitis are not fully understood and often involve more than one factor that leads to the development of the disease. The sinus inflammation may be a result of the presence of bacteria such as staphylococcus aureus or staphylococcuanaerobes combined with smaller nasal passages and airborne irritants such as pollen, dust mites, or some agent that is fungal in nature.

Some of the symptoms of chronic sinusitis include a constant feeling of congestion in the nasal passages, often accompanied by a general sense of pain or discomfort in the area of the face surrounding the nasal cavity. Often, a headache is also present, along with a low-grade fever. It is not unusual for the individual suffering with this condition to also feel listless and run-down in general. As the condition progresses, a yellow or green discharge from frequent sneezing or coughing is likely to appear. There may be some instances of blurry vision or lightheadedness as well.

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As the condition worsens, chronic sinusitis may begin to negatively impact related systems, resulting in complications such as an acute respiratory condition and the development or increase in the size of polyps. As these other conditions place an additional strain on the body’s natural defenses, the sinus problems continue to become stronger, sometimes to the point that hospitalization becomes necessary.

Confirming the presence of chronic sinusitis usually involves the use of a CT scan along with a nasal endoscopy. Once the diagnosis has been confirmed, it is possible to begin administering treatment, based on the particular set of factors involved. In some cases, a combination of antibiotics and nasal irrigation will be sufficient to relieve the symptoms and initiate the process of healing. Advanced situations may call for nasal surgery to remove polyps, clear out the nasal passages, or make some change in the structure of the nasal cavities. In most cases, surgery is considered the final option and is utilized only when all other current treatment options have failed to successfully deal with the infection.

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ZipLine
Post 3

Nasal sprays and nasal irrigation are the only things that help with my chronic sinusitis symptoms. I won't be able to breathe if I don't use a nasal spray.

candyquilt
Post 2

@turquoise-- No, it's not very painful. I had my sinuses drained last year.

They will put you under general anesthesia, so you will be sleeping through the procedure. It's a very simple one, the just go in and remove whatever is blocking your sinuses. They may put in a hole to make it drain better.

When the sinuses do not drain properly, the fluid that builds up inside causes chronic sinus infections. This is why this procedure is sometimes necessary.

You will have to rest for a few days after the procedure but it really isn't anything to worry about.

I've had a lot of relief after having my sinuses drained, I don't get infections anymore.

turquoise
Post 1

Has anyone had their sinuses drained?

I've had sinusitis for close to three weeks. I've taken antibiotics but the infection hasn't cleared up. My doctor said that I will have to have my sinuses drained.

How does this work? Is it painful?

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