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Also known as invasive candidiasis or fungemia, candidemia is a form of yeast infection that is capable of producing a great deal of discomfort. There are several factors that increase the risk of developing a systemic yeast infection of this type, with illnesses that weaken the immune system being one of the more common causes. Because there are no direct tests that will distinguish this infection from other yeast infections, the diagnosis often depends on the experience and knowledge of the attending physician.
There are many different symptoms of candidemia. Some of them are common with any type of yeast infection, while others are symptoms that are related to many other health issues. While no single individual is likely to experience a full range of candidemia symptoms at one time, it is not unusual for the symptoms to vary in type and intensity as long as the infection is present.
One of the most common indications that this type of yeast infection is present is the exhibition of flu-like symptoms. Head congestion, throbbing headaches, nasal stuffiness, and a general sense of feeling run down may be mild at first, then begin to increase over time. Problems with the memory or an increase in irritability may also be present. Some sufferers will sometimes experience mental disorders like anxiety or mild depression.
The risk factors for candidemia mainly have to do with the presence of other health issues that have taxed the body’s resources significantly. Ongoing health problems, such as Types 1 and 2 diabetes or kidney infections that require dialysis, can contribute to the development of this type of yeast infection. Severe burns can lead to candidemia, as well as various factors that undermine the function of the immune system. The use of a catheter also increases the chances of developing an infection of this kind.
When it comes to candidemia treatment, there are no over the counter medications or home remedies that are universally accepted as effective. Instead, the use of medications such as fluconazole or amphotericin B are utilized. Since amphotericin B can be somewhat toxic, patients who are already significantly weakened by the yeast infection are usually treated with fluconazole first. In most cases, intravenous administration is the most effective method.
The effective treatment of candidemia also calls for addressing any symptoms that have manifested as a result of the infection. For example, medication to help control anxiety or strengthen the immune system will often be a significant portion of the overall scope of treatment. As with many types of infections, recovering from candidemia can take anywhere from several days to a few weeks, depending on the severity of the infection at the time it is diagnosed.
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