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Alice Waters is often credited as the inventor of California Cuisine in the 1970s at her famed restaurant Chez Panisse, in Berkeley, California. The California Cuisine movement was considered reactionary, and though it takes many of its roots from French cooking, it opposed the French tradition of serving foods that are not in season. Instead California Cuisine evaluated the abundance of produce available locally and seasonally, and used these foods to form the basis of different dishes. Artichokes or strawberries, figs or mixed lettuces, all were used when in season. So the cuisine of a restaurant would change with the seasons offering an interesting and varied menu.
California Cuisine became the “it” food for a while. Restaurants like Wolfgang Puck’s Spago sprung up to meet the demands of this new cooking. Actually the cooking was not precisely new, as chefs in Europe had worked with the same theories for hundreds of years. As well, farmers can be said to have influenced California Cuisine, because they predominantly ate the fresh foods from their vegetable gardens.
Soon the term came to be associated with not only fresh cooking, but with very tiny portions for extremely high prices. At its worst California Cuisine is extraordinarily pretentious. In some high-end restaurants one can expect to pay more than 20 US dollars for a very small salad of mixed lettuces.
At its best however, California Cuisine can offer delicious foods that are marked by their freshness and abundance. Produce is usually obtained daily. Seafood like the Dungeness crab is purchased when in season. Resultant dishes produce fantastic flavors because the food is so fresh. California Cuisine also early displayed a marked interest in organic farming, and diners discovered, to their delight, the taste of foods free of pesticides.
California Cuisine also brings us early fusion cooking forms. Though one might get traditional produce, one might also try bok choy, or loquats, or make use of the huge variety of local peppers to vary restaurant offerings. The California roll, often served in sushi restaurants is a perfect example of California Cuisine. The traditional sushi is served with a slice of fresh avocado and wrapped with seaweed.
California Cuisine also capitalized on trends in the culture toward vegetarianism. A mixed veggie plate served with cheese sauce made from local cheeses might tempt the vegetarian. As well, egg dishes, made from cage free eggs, or soufflés made from cream from local dairies could be offered.
One of the locus points of California Cuisine outside of the major cities was the John Ash Restaurant in Santa Rosa, California. Local produce, dairy products, eggs, and meat were always the hallmark of Ash’s minimalist approach to food. However, the ever-growing population of grape growers, who have often destroyed local farms to grow yet more grapes, is affecting this type of cuisine. This trend means that most produce purchased at local farmers’ markets and from suppliers is no longer fresh picked, but trucked in from the Central Valley. Such a change will inexorably alter the taste and offerings of the remaining California Cuisine restaurants.
One of the things that I enjoy most about the cuisine of California is the abundance of healthy food available.
Since the lifestyles are healthier in California, you will find healthier food and a lot of opportunity to eat truly amazing cuisine.
On a trip to California a few years ago I ate a lot of fish tacos. They were fantastic, but you never see anything like that here in the restaurants in Fl.
I really enjoy the Southern California cuisine the best. I first had my taste of he cuisine of California in San Diego. Even the San Diego zoo sells fish tacos in their counter restaurants. It is a mainstay of the cuisine of California.