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Bromazepam is a member of the benzodiazepine family of drugs, and, like other medications in its class, it is a central nervous system depressant that is often used to treat anxiety and insomnia. Occasionally, it may be used for treating seizure disorders or muscle spasms. Benzodiazepines work by mediating inhibitory transmissions in the brain and body. They bind to the same cellular receptor sites as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an inhibitory chemical, and can thereby alleviate medical conditions that involve stimulatory transmissions.
For some people, issues related to the safety of bromazepam can limit its use in treatment. Benzodiazepines can be addictive for some people, particularly those who have had drug and alcohol problems in the past. Individuals that drink alcohol on a frequent basis sometimes opt to take medications other than bromazepam, as well, because the two can be dangerous, even fatal, when combined. Some individuals may have difficulties related to coordination and memory after taking this drug, as well. Many people that must drive frequently therefore avoid using this substance because of the risk of compromising driving ability.
Certain individuals may have a risk of developing a physical dependence on bromazepam when it is taken on a daily basis, which can be distinct from a psychological addiction. Generally, people limit their daily use of this drug to periods of time lasting two to four weeks. Such limitations mean that many individuals use this benzodiazepine to treat short-term conditions, such as anxiety that can occur prior to surgery.
Most medications carry some potentially adverse effects. The side effects of bromazepam are similar to those of other benzodiazepines, and most commonly include sleepiness, dizziness, or a loss of coordination. People taking this medication usually become tolerant to these effects after a few days. Rarely, more serious events can occur among individuals using this drug, such as allergic reactions, upset stomach, or mood disturbances.
Occasionally, interactions can occur between bromazepam and other medications. Other depressant medications, such as sleeping pills, narcotic painkillers, certain antihistamine allergy medications, and muscle relaxants, can intensify the drowsiness that can sometimes result from taking benzodiazepines. Drugs that can affect the way that the liver breaks down medications, like the antacid cimetidine, or the blood pressure medication propranolol, which sometimes may intensify the potency of bromazepam. Patients experiencing previous adverse reactions should consult with a medical professional before taking this depressant.