Bengaline has been around a while, and even may have played an important role in the August 1892 murders of Andrew and Abby Borden. Some writers have speculated the heavy dress Lizzie Borden was seen wearing when the bodies were found was not the dress she had on earlier that day. Both dresses were blue and white, but the bengaline was a heavy winter dress -- an odd choice of clothing for a record-breaking hot day. The dress she had on earlier was a much lighter cotton. This may have also been the dress (possibly blood stained) a friend caught her burning.
In any event, Borden was acquitted of the crime, and it may be because she had another dress whose description sounded like another, but was very different.