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What Is an Electromagnetic Coil?

The magnetic pickups used in electric guitars are electromagnetic coils.
A small electromagnet.
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  • Written By: Jason C. Chavis
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 03 April 2014
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    Conjecture Corporation
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An electromagnetic coil is a device comprising two distinct elements: a conductor and a core. The conductor is most commonly made from solid copper wire, which is wrapped around a solid metal core. Each time the wire is looped around the core, it is called a turn. Multiple turns are considered to be a coil.

The most common use of an electromagnetic coil is that of an inductor that stores energy within its magnetic field. Considered a passive electrical component, an inductor has no gain and cannot control the directional flow of the energy. The way an inductor harnesses energy is by the electric current passing through its body.

This reaction is due to Faraday's law of induction, which states that “the induced electromotive force or EMF within a closed circuit is equal to the time rate of change of the magnetic flux through the circuit.” As one of the basic components of electronics, inductors delay and reshape alternating currents. The magnetic energy in an electromagnetic coil is measured in units of henries, named after Joseph Henry, an American inventor.

In order to function within a circuit, electromagnetic coils need to have terminals connected to the wire. These terminals are called taps. Taps are generally either coated in varnish or wrapped in a form of insulation tape. This helps keep the electricity from escaping the electromagnetic coil and also secures them in place. The electromagnetic coil with taps at either end is called a winding.

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When two electromagnetic coils are placed together, it is called a transformer. This provides the ability to transfer energy between two electrical circuits through magnetic coupling. Essentially, electricity can be transferred from circuit to circuit without the use of moving parts. When a third electromagnetic coil is placed in proximity to the transformer, energy can be further transferred. This third coil is called a tickler coil.

One of the most prevalent uses for electromagnetic coils outside of inductors and transformers is the magnetic pickup in musical instruments such as electric guitars. Small cores with permanent magnetism are wrapped in a few thousand turns of fine copper wire. Metal strings with slight magnetism are vibrated near the coils creating magnetic flux which, in turn, creates an alternating current through the wire. This signal is carried through a cable and amplified in a speaker unit or recorded.

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Discuss this Article

BioNerd
Post 4

The earth is like a giant electromagnetic coil, since it has its own field which causes various forces to interact and hold together in the larger gravitational and space-time field.

FitzMaurice
Post 3

@ShadowGenius

Using these newer modern technologies and innovations, I would think that we could find a way to be elegant and precise in our focused advancement for the future. I don't think that we need to allow the internet to become a messy place of random input, but a focused and direct way to learn to further manipulate the various waves and forces of the universe, using these transmissions, transformers, and new devices of the future.

ShadowGenius
Post 2

The world is learning to manipulate its electromagnetic field in a way which causes us to become interconnected at a faster pace than ever before. We are able to function on this planet using it to our advantage, sort of like one big interconnected brain of billions of thoughts and ideas being exchanged daily in a very messy milieu of voices and worthless input.

dbuckley212
Post 1

The electromagnetic coil is something like a magical device: it causes different forces to "transform" and interact with each other in a way that allows for them to cause a massive transmission of data and audio across immense distances. With the added asset of a wireless transmitter and satellite connection, voices and images from all over the world are made available on the internet in real time.

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